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IELTS Essay Correction: Radio vs Television 3.

A correction to a friend’s answer.

(Some people believe that radio is the best way to get news while others think that Television is better for this purpose. Discuss both views, give your opinion and relevant examples.

40 minutes, 250 words at least.

In my opinion, both television and radio use electromagnetic waves to transmit the signal (Well, that’s not an opinion. That’s a FACT. However, this fact is irrelevant to the essay topic). Nowadays, radio signals moves travel faster then (than) the television one though something that people think signal is the downlink and uplink speed. (Well, this is technical, which is good. However, it is not related to the essay.)

So, I think that effectiveness in spreading the news is related to the nearby (I guess you mean “accessible”) technology with the intended people to whom the news is communicated. Rephrase: The effectiveness in disseminating (spreading) news depends on the accessibility of a technology. The availability of television in almost every home has made it a better medium to communicate news.

If every house has television, so it fulfil one requirements for someone to get knowing the news.

But, it seems that every people has their own habit in turning on television, some like to see film or movies or the others like the football or sport channel. Television gives both audio-visual, even textual experience. (Context lost. The question is on NEWS. Not on movies or sports.)

The radio on the other hand could can not fulfill the visual experience (if we do not classify smartphone as part of the radio’s group). (Let us not write in parenthesis/ brackets) Though the radio gives only audio experience, it could can reach people’s imagination to interpret the news.

Feedback: Please write a clear sentence structure. Moreover, you raise a point but never EXPLAIN it. Please go through my version HERE and look at the structure carefully. I raise ONE point in a paragraph and EXPLAIN it completely. Then, in next paragraph, I raise another point and explain that point completely.

Please feel free to ask any questions in the comments section.

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IELTS Answer Correction: Children as Good Members of Society – 2.

A Facebook friend’s answer correction.

Some people think that parents should teach children how to be good members of the society. others, however, believe that the school is the place to learn this. Discuss both views and give your opinion.

40 minutes, 250 words at least.

Opinions have been divided on who bears the responsibility to train children as decent members of the society. In recent times(comma should be placed after times and not after especially) especially, people have come with different argumentative point (different = plural, use points) points that it is the sole responsibility of the parents to teach their children morals on how to be good members of the society. In my opinion as will be presented in this essay, (The examiner knows you will present your opinion in this essay. No need to write this. Redundancy.) I will clearly state why it remains the responsibility of parents to grow their children morally as to suit very well in the society. (Badly structured.)

Rephrase: In my opinion, it is the parent’s responsibility to shape their children as responsible members of the society because of A and B.

The parents, especially the mother, are the first set of persons a child gets used to know while growing up. It is now a common knowledge that teaching morals to a kid is a responsibility that should be fulfilled once a child is birthed born.

You could have combined the two sentences into a smaller single sentence: Since parents are the first person a child tries to emulate (copy), teaching morals is their duty. 

So, once a child is given birth to, the first people around are the parents and nurturing starts at the cradle. Same idea expressed in the first line. Please do not repeat your sentences in different words. You’ll be penalized in the exam.

No example given.

Secondly, leaving the inculcation of morals to the hands of the school can be too cumbersome (Conclusion) owing to the fact that schools do not give proper individual attention (intermediate) to kids in the school. This can be as a result of large population of kids (Fact) in the school.

Always move LOGICALLY from Fact to Intermediate to Conclusion.

Watch carefully how you could have written better by avoiding words like “hands of the…” or “owing to the fact that ….”: Since schools are crowded with a large number of students (Fact), teachers are often unable to give individual attention (Intermediate) to students. Consequently, these are not a perfect place to inculcate morals and ethics (Conclusion) among children.

Recently, a study was made conducted in Nigeria to evaluate which set of kids behaves better between those trained at school and those trained at home by parents. It was found out that kids trained at home behave better in a superior way (avoid repeating words – better) in the society than kids trained in school.

In summary, the fact still remains that for proper attention and inculcation of moral ethics, children should be trained by their parents and not left in the hands of the school.

Word Count = 272

Strength: You grammar is fine.

Weaknesses that will prevent you from scoring 7+ bands: 

1. Redundancy (you write a lot of useless words. Please avoid them.)

2. Repetition of same ideas in different words.

BANDS: 6.0

PLEASE FEEL FREE TO SUBMIT MORE ANSWERS.

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IELTS GT Task 1 July 2017: Friend Staying at Your Home.

Friend staying at your home IELTS PTE

You will be going to out of town soon. Your friend will stay at your home in your absence. Write a letter to your friend and say

– When and where are you going?
– Give some instructions related to the use of home equipment.
– Suggest some local attraction and places to visit.

20 minutes, 150 words at least.

Answer:

Dear Ana,

Thank you for agreeing to stay at my home in Ottawa during my trip to Japan next week for the International Science Conference at Kyoto. Allow me to give you a few instructions on managing home equipment in my absence.

All food-related equipment can be easily located in the kitchen, except barbecue, which is in the backyard. You will find the oven in the extreme right corner of the kitchen. You can cook delicious pizzas just by switching on the green button. The washing machine and dryer are in the basement. The heat in the dryer is set for cotton clothes. Please make necessary adjustments to suit your needs.

During winters, the main attraction in Ottawa is the Rideau canal which is frozen, and people use it for skiing. You can visit the Parliament building and watch a beautiful laser show in the evening explaining the history of Canada. Moreover, you must visit the world war museum that shows all the military equipment Canadian military used during the first half of twentieth-century.

I am sure you will enjoy this week long stay in the capital of Canada.

Your friend,

ABC.

187 words.

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Improve Vocabulary (31 July 2017): Australia Foils Terror Plot

Australia IELTS PTE

Australia’s counter-terrorism police recently prevented a deadly plot to bring down an airplane and have arrested four people in Sydney allegedly associated with an Islamist group. Investigators have seized hazardous materials that could have been used to make explosives such as an improvised explosive device (IED).

Alleged: Doubtful, Suspect, Supposed.

Seized: Take hold of something forcibly, grasp.

Hazardous: Full of risk, Perilous.

The country’s national terror threat level remains atprobable“.

Probable: Likely to occur.

In recent days, law enforcement had become cognizant of information that suggested some people in Sydney were planning to commit a terrorist attack using an IED,” the Police Commissioner told a news conference.

Cognizant: Aware, Conscious.

To prevent any such future attacks, the government has proposed changes in the law to give Australian military sweeping powers to respond immediately to any domestic terror threat. The law also proposes that military offer counter-terrorism training to the police. The current investigation is expected to be long and protracted.

Sweeping: (adjective) wide range or scope

Protracted: Prolong, Long duration

Today’s word list:

  1. Alleged
  2. Seized
  3. Probable
  4. Cognizant
  5. Sweeping
  6. Protracted

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IELTS Academic Task 1: Underground Railway System.

The table below gives information about the underground railway system in six countries.

Summarize the information by selecting and reporting main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

Screen Shot 2017-07-29 at 10.10.32 PM

20 minutes, 150 words at least.

Answer:

Let me first explain a clear structure for this IELTS essay. The table has three types of data – opening date, route kilometers, passengers. Devote one paragraph to each type of data.

The given table presents information on operational date, route length and the number of passengers in six underground railway systems. (Introductory sentence)

While London enjoys the distinction of having the oldest railway system, Los Angeles has the most recent one. Paris and Tokyo railways were established in the first half of the twentieth-century while Washington and Kyoto’s railways became operational in the latter half of the century. (Date Opened – individual and comparison)

While London has the longest railway route, Kyoto has the smallest. Paris railway’s route is almost half of that of London. Tokyo rail has the route length of 155 kilometers and Washington DC has that of 126 kilometers. (Route Kilometers – individual and comparison)

Though Tokyo rail’s route length is less than half of the London rail, it carries 1927 million passengers per year, which is more than double of what London rail carries. Though Washington DC’s system has a length of 126 kilometers, it carries only 144 million passenger per annum, which is less than 10 percent of Tokyo’s rail passengers. Kyoto carries only 45 million passengers per annum, the least among the given systems. (Number of passengers – individual and comparison)

174 words.

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Improve Vocabulary (29 July 2017) Qatar Withstands Embargo: Listen While You Read

qatar embargo vocabulary IELTS PTE

Qatar withstands embargo: sees it an opportunity to fill the void.

Embargo: A government order prohibiting any commerce/ business.

The Gulf countries such as Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates imposed an economic blockade on Qatar in 2014 and again in early 2017 on the grounds that it supported certain prominent religious dissidents. Despite international mediation attempts, Qatar understands that the sanctions may continue for years.

Blockade: Isolating or closing off a place for movement or business or commerce.

Dissent (Dissident): To differ in opinion especially from the majority.

Mediate (mediation): To settle disputes as an intermediary between parties.

Sanction: A penalty (same as a blockade and an embargo)

These confrontations have forced Qatar’s government to draw lessons and prepare for any future showdown. It has advertised the issue as an existential issue and defined the sanctions as a Saudi attempt to challenge the country’s sovereignty.

Confront (Confrontation): to face somebody with hostility and opposition 

Showdown: To confront someone.

Existential: Related to existence.

Sovereignty: The independence of a state.

It has started investing greatly to reduce its reliance on other Gulf countries. The country has made its own port operational to handle sanctions on transportation of cargo via Dubai. The sanctions also led to the disappearance of Saudi dairy products. Consequently, Qatar is also investing hugely in its own dairy industry.

Rely (reliance): To depend on someone. 

Today’s words:

  1. Embargo
  2. Blockade
  3. Dissent
  4. Mediate
  5. Sanction
  6. Confront
  7. Showdown
  8. Existential
  9. Sovereignty
  10. Reliance

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IELTS Academic Task 1: Underground Railway Systems.

The table below gives information about the underground railway system in six countries.

Summarize the information by selecting and reporting main features, and make comparisons where relevant. 

Screen Shot 2017-07-29 at 10.10.32 PM.png

20 minutes, 150 words at least.

Correcting a Facebook friend’s answer.

The table shows the underground railway network (It does not SHOW the railways, but present INFORMATION on railways. Right?) in six different countries by date opened, size (What is SIZE?) and people usage.

The given table presents information on opening date, route length and the number of travelers in six different underground railway networks.

Overall, it is clear that clearly (respect brevity.) London’s system was the most ancient and the longest one among the other systems. In comparison, Kyoto network was the shortest and the least usage by passengers passenger traffic (prefer active voice), as compared (You’ve already made one comparison. Don’t make another in the same sentence) to Tokyo network was the most crowded.

The underground railway system of London considered the most ancient one which opened in 1863 with 394 km (Haven’t you already said this. Avoid repetition.) and the passengers which traveling across this are 775 millions million. Likewise, 1191 millions million people yearly per annum are using Paris’s network, which opened in 1900 and is considered the second longest one after London’s network.

Tokyo’s network is the most usage with 1927 millions travellers yearly (again, you’ve already said this. Remember “the most crowded”?), which opened in at the end of the third decade of the twentieth century with route size (route has length, not size.) 155 km, while the shortest and the least use is Kyoto’s system with 11 km and 45 millions travellers (Again, you’ve already said this above), which started to work in 1981.

The underground railway network of Washington DC started to work in 1976 with 126 km route size length and 144 million passengers yearly per annum, whereas the modern one was Los Angeles system which opened in 2001 and accounting for 50 millions travellers per year with 28 km route size.

Your answer suffers from several issues. 

  1. You have not followed a proper structure. 
  2. Vague language: Size, shows underground network.
  3. Use active voice.
  4. A lot of repetition of information.

Bands = 5.5 to 6.0

I’ll post an answer tomorrow under “Writing task 1” and give a link in the comments section.

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IELTS Answer Correction: Children as Good Members of Society.

A Facebook friend’s answer correction.
Some people think that parents should teach children how to be good members of the society. others, however, believe that the school is the place to learn this. Discuss both views and give your opinion.

40 minutes, 250 words at least.

A child’s education has never been about learning information and basic skill only. It has always included teaching the next generation how to be a good member of the society. Therefore, this cannot be the responsibility of the parents only. What is your opinion? Is it school’d responsibility only? Or Is it the responsibility of both school and patents? Well, say it.

In order to be a good (do not repeat words) responsible member of the society, an individual must respect and obey the rules and respect (word “respect” repeated twice) others. This always begins (subject verb agreement: This = singular, use “begins”) in at the home and it is widely thought to be responsibilities responsibility (Subject noun agreement: It = singular, use “responsibility”) of the parents. They will certainly be the first to help children learn what is important in life, how they are expected to behave and what role they will play in their world.

However, learning to understand and share the value of system of a whole society cannot be achieved just in the at home. Once a child goes to school, they he are is (Subject pronoun agreement; a child = singular; use singular subject ’she/he’) going into a wider community where teachers and peers will have just as much influence as their his parent do at home. At school, chidren will experience working and living with people from the wider (Wider repeated twice. Use a new word to show breadth of your vocabulary) larger community. this experince should teach them how to co-operate with each other and how to contribute to the life of society (There’s no “life of society”, it’s just “society”).

To sum up, (a comma is necessary here) to be a valuable member of any community is not like learning simple skill, it is something that an individual goes on learning throughout life. There is an adage that says a tree does not make a forest. Therefore, it is the responsibility of every member of a society to take for helping help the younger generation to become active and able members of the society.

A few issues need to be addressed to score 7 bands in IELTS: 

1. Learn articles usage, particularly “A”. A responsible citizen, a simple skill.

2. A fre prepositions such as AT.

3. Subject-verb, subject-noun, subject-pronoun agreement seem to be an area of concern.

4. Word repetitions – avoid them using vocabulary.

5. Minor sentence structure issues.

Paragraph structure is fine. Give an example, if you can.

 With this essay, you may score between 6.0 to 6.5.

PLEASE FEEL FREE TO SUBMIT MORE ANSWERS.

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PTE Essay (IELTS Task 2): Who Determines Behavior – Law or Society

Law and behavior IELTS PTE

Some people think that law determines the behavior of the people. Others believe that society is more important than the law in building good behavior. Give your opinion with relevant examples.

PTE: 20 minutes, 200 to 300 words.

IELTS: 40 minutes, 250 words at least.

Answer:

Introduction: (Introduce the topic and give your OPINION while MENTIONING the reasons. These reasons will be explained in the body paragraphs.)

While some believe that appropriate human behavior is a product of the law of the land, others opine that it is a consequence of societal norms. I think it is influenced by both forces. Though law shapes behavior by imposing punishment and financial penalties, society determines behavior through morals, ethics, and culture.

Body Paragraph 1: (Reason 1 – LAW – with example 1)

Human behavior is influenced by the psychological principle of punishment and rewards, and the law plays a central role in implementing this idea. Saudi Arabia, for instance, follows the rule of “eye for an eye”. Consequently, the crime rate in that country is extremely low due to the presence of a powerful deterrent. Similarly, driving behavior such as speed limit, use of seat belts and stopping the vehicle at red light depends upon the law of the land. The fear of punishment forces individuals to follow the rule of law.

Body Paragraph 2: (Reason 2 – SOCIETY – with example 2)

Societal values play an equally important role in determining behavior. Cultural values in India, such as love for animals and plants, has deeply impacted people’s attitude towards nature. While the culture of individualism in western countries drives people to live alone, the values of the joint family bring people closer in the eastern countries. Social norms such as fashion and language play an important role in shaping people’s behavior.

Moreover, cultural norms of hard work and chasing the American dream have shaped the normal American behavior of working from morning untill night. Africans, on the other hand, follow the traditional culture of working during the day and resting at night.

Conclusion: (Conclude + future and/ or impact)

Thus, while there are numerous factors that shape the behavior of humans, both the fear of law and societal values play a significant role. To make a society more prosperous and safe, the governments and all institutions should use these forces. 

294 words.

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IELTS Essay July 2017: High Living Standards and Social Values.

economic development IELTS PTE.jpg

This essay was asked multiple times in July 2017 only.

Some countries improve their economy to gain a high standard of living, but some social values can be lost during this transition. Give your opinion and examples.

IELTS: 40 minutes, 250 words at least.

PTE: 20 minutes, 200 to 300 words.

IELTS asked a similar question on economic wealth. You can go through it HERE.

Answer:

Introduction: (Introduce the topic with your OPINION while MENTIONING the reasons that you’ll EXPLAIN in the body paragraph.)

We live in an era of unprecedented economic wealth that has given us high standards of living. Gradually, a lot of developed and developing countries are adding to an already elevated material prosperity. However, certain important moral values are being compromised in this process due to the desire for more luxuries and the commodification of everything.

Body Paragraph 1: (Reason 1, example 1)

Increase in economic well-being has created a desire for more and more goods. Nowadays, everyone wants an SUV car despite the availability of less-costly alternatives such as public transport and smaller, more fuel-efficient vehicles. Similarly, a smart phone and an air conditioner are seen as necessities rather than a mere desire. This is leading to erosion of social values such as respect and love for nature. In India, for instance, various plants and trees were traditionally venerated. However, with excessive desires, the young generation has lost any touch with those traditional values.

Body Paragraph 2: (Reason 2, example 2)

With greater standards of living, humans have commodified everything from women to water. Women are gradually becoming commodities for consumption with the proliferation of pornography, which is a manifestation of material wealth. Similarly, water, which was traditionally venerated as a God in India and was a free resource, is being bottled and sold in the market. Consequently, collective values of respect for women and veneration for water have been eroded beyond repair.

Conclusion(Conclude by mentioning the other side of the debate + with future and/ or impact)

In conclusion, humans have increased their standard of living and, in this process, compromised certain social values. However, this does not mean that these high living standards and social values cannot coexist. Since humans tend to find solutions to all problems, we have to devise ways to maintain economic wealth along with morals and ethics.

275 words.

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IELTS Speaking Cue Card July 2017: An Activity that Excited you.

activity IELTS PTE

Image Courtesy: Pixabay

Talk about any activity that you did that excited you. Please say

  1. What was it and when did you do it?
  2. Who was there with you?
  3. What did you feel after doing this?

IELTS has asked this cue card, like most cue cards, earlier as well albeit in a different form. Here is a link for all students to explore.

Try a new activity.

Answer:

I’m an adventurer and I love trying new and exciting activities. (Introductory sentence)

Last month I went on an adventure sports trip to Manali, Himachal Pradesh, India. The trip involved a lot of activities such as trekking. I had already attempted most of them except Bungee Jumping. (What was it? When?)

Since this activity involves jumping from a height of several hundred meters, few of my friends had heart for this. None of my family members attempted it though. (Who was there?)

There is no experience like that of falling from a height of several hundred meters. The feeling of gravity pulling you down is beyond expression. All I can say is my heart was beating really fast. It was a mixture of thrill and horror both of which increased as I came closer to the ground. (Feeling)

Follow-up questions:

  1. Why do you prefer adventure activities?
  2. What other activities do you like?
  3. Are you planning any adventures or activities in the near future?
  4. How will you accomplish that?

Good luck making your own answer. Do not forget to share with us. And, feel free to share the answer to any of the follow-up questions in the comments section. I’ll reply as soon as possible.

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Improve vocabulary (29 July 2017) Myanmar and South Korea – Listen While You Read

News IELTS PTE

Myanmar’s economic growth:

During the past half decade, Myanmar has grown at a rapid pace and this has reverberated across the country. Jungles, swamps, and farms are being replaced by supermarkets, malls, apartments and new infrastructure. A recent Asian Development Bank (ADB) report has forecasted Myanmar’s growth rate at 8 percent per annum.

Reverberate: To rebound, recoil, resound or echo.

forecast: To predict, calculate in advance.

Myanmar, after years of oppressive rule under despotic generals, ended its isolation and embraced democracy only last year. Though expectations regarding the country’s economic growth are astronomically high, many investors question the sustainability of such growth.

Oppressive: burdensome, causing discomfort by being excessive.

Despot: A tyrant, an oppressor, Autocrat.

Embrace: To adopt something.

Astronomical: Extremely large.

Unequal educational opportunities in South Korea:

In 2014, an elite educational institution modified its rules to give admission to a student from a rich family. Recently, a court ruled that this subterfuge had fundamentally shaken the “values of fairness” in the South Korean society and had caused the “feeling of emptiness and betrayal” among “hard-working students”.

Modify: To change something, to amend.

Subterfuge: An artifice used to hide something, a trick.

Betray: Disloyal, unfaithful. 

The key question here is “Will the thickness of a parent’s purse determine a child’s prospects?”

Prospect: An anticipation of future.

Words learned today:

  1. Reverberate
  2. Forecast
  3. Oppressive
  4. Despot
  5. Embrace
  6. Astronomical
  7. Modify
  8. Subterfuge
  9. Betray
  10. Prospect

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IELTS Speaking Cue Card July 2017 and August 2017: A Future Plan.

future plan IELTS PTE

Image Courtesy: Pixabay

Describe a future plan that you have, not related to work or study. Please say

– What do you plan to do and when?
– How will you achieve it?
– Why do you want to do it?

IELTS has asked this question in several formats earlier. Here are a few related and useful links.

A work you would like to do.

Future Plans.

Try a new activity.

I’m, however, going to provide a fresh answer here. Please go through all these articles to improve your grasp of the topic.

I’m an adventurer, and I’ve been to more than a hundred countries. However, no world journey is complete without a visit to the largest and coldest stretch of land called Antarctica. I’m planning to spend a month touring the cold, ice thick continent next year, (What and when)

Touring Antarctica is not an easy feat. The continent is covered in several meters of snow, and a few places are nothing but ice floating on water. However, I’ve toured the highest mountain on Earth – the Mount Everest, and I’m a member of a club that tours only such dangerous places. Its team members have considerable experience in Antarctica, and I will use it. As far as monetary resources are concerned, several local companies in my area have financially supported my plan. (Achieve)

I’ve been to a lot of places but nothing as extreme as the Antarctica. It is the dream of every adventurer to experience all forces of nature. (Why do it?)

Follow-up questions:

  1. Who else is involved in this plan?
  2. Is it important to have plans for the future?
  3. Is it important for children to have dreams or future plans? Why?
  4. What was your dream as a child?
  5. Why did you have that dream?

Good luck making your own answer. Do not forget to share with us. And, feel free to share the answer to any of the follow-up questions in the comments section. I’ll reply as soon as possible.

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IELTS Academic Task 1: Leisure Activities in Australia.

The bar chart below shows the percentage of children from 5 to 14 years of age in selected leisure activities in Australia.

Summarize the information by selecting and reporting main features, and make comparisons where relevant. 

Screen Shot 2017-07-27 at 2.20.09 PM

20 minutes, 150 words at least.

Explain INDIVIDUAL trends and COMPARISONS in different paragraphs.

Answer:

Correcting student’s answers: Answer 1, Answer 2.

The given horizontal bar chart presents information on the engagement of children between 5 and 14 years in five leisure activities in Australia. (Introduction)

Evidently, a greater percentage of boys indulge in physical activities such as skate boarding and bike riding than girls. Also, about 80 percent of boys play computer games as compared to around 60 percent of girls. On the other hand, a greater percentage girls are involved in art and craft than boys. However, all girls and boys watch television during leisure time. (Comparison Paragraph)

All boys engage in watching television, followed by playing computer games, riding a bike and skate boarding. Only about 30 percent are involved in arts and crafts. Girls, on the other hand, prefer watching television followed by an equal percent engaged in bike riding and computer games. While about 60% engage in art and craft, only 25 percent participate in skate boarding. (Individual Paragraph)

147 words.

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Improve vocabulary (28 July 2017) Electric Cars – Listen While You Read

Electric Vehicles IELTS PTE.jpg

The United Kingdom has recently decided to join other European countries in banning the sale of all internal-combustion engine-powered cars by the year 2040. 

This move is a regulatory push across Europe to phase out diesel and petrol vehicles and introduce electric and fuel-cell cars that are not only unpopular in the market but also face many infrastructure challenges such as availability of charging stations. The governments were forced to act because automakers, with a few exceptions, are still investing profoundly in improving the efficiency of diesel-powered vehicles. 

Regulate: To control by rule or law. 

Phase out: To bring to an end. 

Infrastructure: The basic framework of a system or organization. 

 Profoundly: A lot, intense, thorough, deep.

Though certain automakers such as Toyota Motors are committed to the goal of manufacturing emissions-free fleet in a few decades, the concerns about claims of increasing efficiency of diesel vehicles were raised when Volkswagen’s diesel emissions scandal came to light in 2015. Volkswagen had been deceiving regulators on the discharge of pollutants from its cars by malicious modifications in its software.  

Deceive: To mislead by false appearance or statement.

Discharge: To emit something. To remove something.

Malice (Malicious): Desire to cause injury, harm.

China has also joined hands with the European Union to prevent climate change by investing heavily in electric vehicles technology and supply chain. Moreover, China is also deterring customers from buying internal-combustion engine vehicles. 

Deter: Discourage or restrain from acting.

However, such regulatory changes are likely to face strong headwinds from interest groups such as oil and gas companies, and automobile manufacturers who not only pay huge taxes to the government but also contribute heavily to employment. 

Headwinds: Wind opposite to the course of a moving object; severe resistance.

Words learned today:

  1. Regulate
  2. Phase Out
  3. Infrastructure
  4. Profoundly
  5. Deceive
  6. Discharge
  7. Malice
  8. Deter
  9. Headwinds.

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IELTS and PTE Essay Notes: Transportation Problem

Transportation notes IELTS PTE

Transportation is a HOT topic in both IELTS and PTE exam. Traffic jams are becoming an increasingly serious problem.

Here are a few important points to remember and some terms to use in the essay.

  1. Megacities such as New York and Beijing are a nightmare for commuters and urban planners.
  2. These cities have high population density as well as vehicle density.
  3. Consequently, the roads are choked and smooth flow of traffic is hampered.
  4. Safety is compromised – New Delhi and Beijing have one of the highest numbers of road accidents in the world.
  5. The environment is damaged – millions of gallons of fuel is burnt in traffic jams.
  6. Modes of transport – private cars, buses (Bus Rapid Transit – BRT), taxi, mass rapid transit (metro), rickshaw.
  7. Expansion of road infrastructure is not a long-term solution since increasing number of private cars, taxis and rickshaws soon occupy the new space. This also harms the ecology of the city.
  8. Long-term solution – strengthening public transport facilities such as BRT and Metro.
  9. However, public transport can’t stand alone. For end-to-end connectivity (example home to office), all modes of transport need to be integrated.
  10. Example – drive a bicycle from home to metro station, travel by metro and then by bus to reach university.
  11. When modes of transport are not integrated/ connected, they cannot solve the traffic problem effectively.
  12. Need to connect suburban areas (suburbs) with the core of the city. Since most of the people live outside the city, they travel to the city every day for business.
  13. Example – Many people commute to the New York city from suburbs such as Hudson Valley. Similarly, many travel from the suburb of Okhla to New Delhi every day.
  14. Steps to enhance public transport: upgrade the infrastructure (add buses, metro), increase the frequency of transport, make public transport popular among commuters.

Stay tuned for more such notes that will help you score better in IELTS and PTE written and speaking exams.

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IELTS Speaking Cue Card: A Restaurant You Like.

restaurant you like IELTS PTE

Describe a restaurant you like. Please say:

  1. Name and place of the restaurant.
  2. Explain its interiors.
  3. What kind of food it serves.
  4. How is it special

IELTS will give you one minute to plan and up to 2 minutes to deliver. Go Go Go!

Hold your horses, let me first give you a list of relevant topics.

A cafe you often visit.

An unusual food.

Answer:

I am a social person, and I love dining in restaurants every weekend. (Introductory statement)

Last month, I visited “Hibachi”, an Indo-Chinese restaurant in Sector 8, Chandigarh. (Name and Place)

It is a modern restaurant in Chandigarh’s posh locality. Since real estate rents are exorbitantly high, it is in a relatively small area of about 15 feet by 30 feet. The restaurant is designed with Japanese wooden interiors and has an open kitchen for all customers to see. Even the food is served with chop sticks. (Interiors)

It serves Chinese, Japanese and Thai food. (Kind of food)

I have never eaten a tastier sushi and Kung Pao chicken as I’ve eaten here. Each item is specially prepared and customized to suit a customer’s taste. Things are not standardized like other restaurants. (Special)

Follow-up Questions:

  1. Which is better – home-made food or a restaurant’s food?
  2. Why do you prefer restaurant food?
  3. Which food do you prefer – modern or traditional?
  4. What traditional foods do you have in your country?
  5. What are the tourist attractions in your city?

Good luck making your own answer. Do not forget to share with us. And, feel free to share the answer to any of the follow-up questions in the comments section. I’ll reply as soon as possible.

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PTE Essay (IELTS Task 2): Influence of a Region on Success.

key to success

What is the influence of a region on a person’s success? Give your opinion and give relevant examples.

PTE: 20 minutes, 200 to 300 words.

IELTS: 40 minutes, 250 words at least.

Answer:

Please go through a similar essay: Success is About Hard Work or Money?

Introduction: (Introduce along with your OPINION and MENTION reasons supporting your opinion.)

Undoubtedly, a region has a deep impact on its residents. I believe it plays a crucial role in a person’s economic success or failure. A region influences the education an individual gets, the opportunities he comes across and the work culture he imbibes. 

Body Paragraph 1: (Reason 1 – Education)

Educational standards are distinct for different countries and within a country, they vary from one region to another. For instance, Canada’s education system is superior to that of India. However, within Canada, the Toronto region has better education infrastructure than many parts of interior Canada. Thus, a person educated in Toronto has higher chances of success than a person born anywhere else in Canada or in India.

Body Paragraph 2: (Reason 2 – Economic Opportunities)

Similarly, economic opportunities vary from one region to another. Regional concentration of business leads more economic opportunities in certain areas leading to higher chances of success for people of that region. New Delhi and Mumbai are, for example, business and commerce hubs of India. A person born in the hinterland of Punjab has far lesser opportunities than a person who has witnessed business in these cities. 

Body Paragraph 3: (Reason 3 – Work Culture)

Most importantly, the culture of a region plays an instrumental role in the success of its individuals. The United States is often divided into several parts based on its work culture. While Eastern U.S.A is termed as the business hub of the world with its 24 hours work culture, Western U.S.A is more relaxed. Consequently, the chances of success for a person are more in the Eastern part of the country.

Conclusion: (Conclude by mentioning the other side of the debate + future and impact.)

Though some individuals have undoubtedly succeeded despite their regional backwardness (Other side of the debate), these examples an exception and not a rule. A region shapes an individual in numerous ways, and this is the primary reason that people migrate from one area to another. 

285 words.

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IELTS Academic Task 1: Car Trips by Both Genders in 2005.

The bar chart shows the estimated percentage of car trips taken by drivers in 2005.

Summarize the information by selecting and reporting main features, and make comparisons where relevant. 

Screen Shot 2017-07-26 at 1.11.30 PM

20 minutes, 150 words at least.

Answer:

Constructions used: Though X, Y; A against B; While X, Y.

Explain INDIVIDUAL trends and COMPARISONS in different paragraphs.

The given horizontal bar chart presents data about the percentage of car trips by drivers of both genders in 2005. (Introductory sentence)

Evidently, though both women and men perform predominantly large percentage of car trips for traveling to work, men carry out about 52 percent of such trips against 40 percent by women. While men have a greater percentage of car trips than women for visiting a town, meeting friends, recreation and traveling to work, the women conduct more trips for shopping, running errands, going to a bank, and courses. (Explain the dominant aspect; General trend – men vs women.)

Men carry out 52 percent of trips for work related purposes, followed by recreation, shopping, visiting town, and courses. Men conduct less than 5 percent car trips for visiting a bank and running errands. Women, on the other hand, prefer car trips mostly for work, followed by shopping, courses, running errands, and banks. They conduct less than 5 percent trips visiting friends, going to a town or recreation. (Independent trends for men and women)

154 words.

Here is an answer correction of this question.

Want to read another article on CAR USE? Here it is.

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Give your answer in the comments section. I usually reply within 36 hours.

Improving vocabulary with the BBC (27 July 2017)– Listen While You Read.

Transgender IELTS PTE

Read this article on the B.B.C here.

Trump: Transgender people ‘can’t serve’ in US military

US President Donald Trump says transgender people cannot serve in “any capacity” in the military. (Transgender: A person whose gender identity does not correspond to that person’s biological sex at birth.)

He tweeted that he had consulted with military experts and cited “tremendous medical costs and disruption“. (Disruption: A radical change; A forcible disruption of something into parts.)

The Obama administration decided last year to allow transgender people to serve openly in the military.

But in June, Defence Secretary James Mattis agreed to a six-month delay in the recruitment of transgender people.

As is often the case, the announcement came in a series of tweets.

Mr Trump said: “After consultation with my Generals and military experts, please be advised that the United States Government will not accept or allow transgender individuals to serve in any capacity in the U.S. Military.

“Our military must be focused on decisive and overwhelming victory and cannot be burdened with the tremendous medical costs and disruption that transgender in the military would entail.” (Decisive: Crucial, Important, Determined.)

(Overwhelm: Overpower or Overcome or Destroy – a mind, feeling or physical thing.)

(Entail: To involve or impose something as a burden.)

But the measure will not go into effect immediately.

The Pentagon says: “We will provide revised guidance to the department in the near future.”

The timing of this transgender ban is almost as interesting as the move itself.

Why now? With the Trump administration being buffeted by the Jeff Sessions political death watch, the ongoing multi-prong investigation into the Trump campaign, the healthcare drama in the Senate and the impending Russian sanctions bill, perhaps the administration decided this was a good time to change the subject and rally conservative forces to his side. (Buffeted: To strike or push repeatedly.)

Republicans have long used cultural issues as a wedge to divide Democrats and energise evangelicals. As one White House insider acknowledged, this is straight out of that playbook. While Mr Trump campaigned as sympathetic to LGBT rights, he needs the traditional religious conservatives to stay loyal to him now, more than ever. (Evangelicals: Those who are devoted to the cause of Christianity.)

(Wedge: To separate or split)

Words learnt today:

  1. Transgender
  2. Disruption
  3. Decisive
  4. Overwhelm
  5. Entail
  6. Buffeted
  7. Evangelicals
  8. Wedge

Learn exciting vocabulary for IELTS, PTE, GRE, GMAT, and CAT by the vocabulary section daily and listening to AUDIO to improve your pronunciation. Follow this blog or like our Facebook Page to stay connected with latest posts.

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