PTE Essay (IELTS): Mass Media Shapes Opinions.

The mass media including television, radio, and newspaper influence our society and shape our opinions and views. What is your opinion?

PTE = 20 minutes; 200 to 300 words.

IELTS = 40 minutes; 250 words at least.

Sample Answer:


The mass media is often termed as the fourth pillar of democracy because it informs people of various developments and influences their opinions. I believe media – electronic as well as print – informs and educates masses that raises their awareness to make important democratic decisions.

Body Paragraph 1: (Newspapers)

With thousands of newspapers reaching hundreds of millions of customers, print media shapes opinion at the local, national and international level. For instance, it was the power of the newspapers in 1970s that brought Watergate Scandal to limelight in the United States and led to resignation of Richard Nixon as the President. It is precisely because of newspapers’ influence in shaping people’s opinion that these are banned in many countries such as China and North Korea.

Body Paragraph 2: (Television)

Similarly, television is an equally powerful tool in forming opinions because it telecasts news in real time while millions of people are hooked to it. Television has shaped our minds so strongly that politicians and bureaucrats are always on their toes. For example, an Indian television channel conducted a sting operation of a ruling party politician accepting a bribe in 2004 that led to collapse of the government an year later. 

Body Paragraph 3: (Social Media)

However, the most powerful mass media tool is social media. The penetration of the Internet and mobile phones to the remotest corners of the world has led to the emergence of Facebook and Twitter as mass media that shape people’s opinions. The recent presidential race in the United States was more shaped by Twitter than any other media. Though every survey predicted the emergence of Hillary Rodham Clinton as the next President of the U.S.A, Twitter played a vital role in establishing Donald Trump in the White House.


Thus, different types of mass media have played an important role in shaping human perceptions and decisions at various points of time. Their power equation is likely to fluctuate in future, but they will remain a powerful tool nevertheless. 

317 words. I know this is much more than IELTS suggested limit of 280 words or PTE limit of 300 words. However I’ve written more to give a choice to the audience to pick and choose whatever they deem fit. Good Luck!

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