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PTE Essay (IELTS Task 2): Communication Channels have Changed.

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Communication channels have changed significantly during the last decade. Discuss the pros and cons of this change. Support your answer with reasons and examples.

PTE: 20 minutes, 200 to 300 words.

IELTS: 40 minutes, 250 words at least.

Answer:

Introduction: (Introduce the topic and mention pros and cons. Leave explanation to body paragraphs.)

The communication channels have undergone significant changes since with dawn of the Internet in the early 1990s. However, during the last decade, its penetration to the remotest corners of almost all countries has completely altered the way we interact with each other and react to various events. This has both positive and negative consequences ranging from increased freedom of expression and reduced corruption to anarchy and misinformation.

Body Paragraph 1: (Prospect 1 – Freedom of expression)

Change in communication media from newspaper, telephone, radio, and television to Facebook, Twitter and various messengers has given every human being power to express himself more openly. Thoughts and emotions have a channel of expression. For instance, a single expression of oppression communicated on Facebook can attract millions of followers who, in turn, respond to create a positive change in society.

Body Paragraph 2: (Prospect 2 – Reduced corruption)

Communication using WhatsApp, IMO, Facebook also allows video, audio and picture sharing. Most importantly, these are now admissible in the court of law as valid evidence. Consequently, bureaucrats are terrorized of being caught accepting a bribe. Such videos spread among groups of citizens like wildfire.

Body Paragraph 3: (Constraint 1 – Anarchy)

Since the modern media of communication, often termed as the social media, is not regulated by any agency, it suffers from some serious setbacks such as the spread of misinformation that may lead to the collapse of government or even riots. For example, Arab Spring, that led to revolts across the Arab world and collapse of several stable governments, was born of unregulated communication. 

Body Paragraph 4: (Constraint 2 – Misinformation)

Such media are also used by groups with vested interests to incite innocent citizens to conduct riots. India is witnessing the brunt of these actions in the form of misinformation campaigns that aim at victimizing poor Muslims in a Hindu dominated country. This has led to the lynching of private citizens to massive riots.

Conclusion: (Future and/or impact)

In conclusion, the modern channels of communication have several advantages as well as disadvantages. The disadvantages need to be neutralized by taking regulatory actions and strictly punishing those who are responsible for any misinformation. 

325 words.

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