IELTS Task 2 (PTE Essay): Animal Rights

Animal rights IELTS PTE

A growing number of people feel that animals should not be exploited by people and that they should have the same rights as humans, while others argue that humans must employ animals to satisfy their various needs, including uses for food and research. Discuss both views and give your opinion.

40 minutes, 250 words at least.


Introduction: (Introduce the topic with both views. Reserve your opinion for conclusion)

Humans are the most advanced species, and we exploit all natural resources, including animals, to sustain ourselves (view 1). However, as our civilization advances, many people have come to believe that animals should have the same right as humans have and they should not be exploited for greed (view 2).

Body Paragraph 1: (Discuss view 1)

The advancements in human civilization would have been incomplete without the use and exploitation of animals and plants. We have used animals for various purposes ranging from medical science to survival in extreme climate. (Explain these two reasons and close this view)

Body Paragraph 2: (View 1 continue …)

Research for development of new drugs is first conducted on animals such as rats and pigs. A lot of psychological testing is also done on animals before implementing it on humans. Thus, in improving human health and longevity, animal exploitation has played an instrumental role. Moreover, humans have used animal food and skin for survival in extreme weather conditions such as those in Alaska and Siberia. In the absence of a protein-rich diet, we have used the milch animals, sometimes forcibly, for milk. This practice is prevalent in almost all parts of the world.

Body Paragraph 3: (Discuss view 2)

On the other hand, undoubtedly, humans have unprecedented wealth and resources for survival. Agricultural productivity is high and plants can adequately serve all human needs. However, we continue to exploit the animals for our greed, desire, and taste. This is not only inhuman but also unsustainable. Over-exploitation of animals has disturbed the ecosystem at various places rendering them inhospitable. For instance, some parts of the Himalayas have lost vegetation and witnessed landslides because poachers killed Tigers for money. This led to an increase in the population of herbivores who ate the plants and trees that stabilized the soil of these mountains.

Conclusion: (Conclude by stating your opinion)

In conclusion, animals’ exploitation for human greed must be stopped, and animals should have same rights as humans have. However, we need to use them in a few unavoidable scenarios such as medical research. 

311 words.

Please feel free to ask any questions in the comments section.

Here is a student’s essay on this topic along with corrections. Let us learn from each other’s mistakes.

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