IELTS Task 2 (PTE Essay): Water in Short Supply.

Water shortage IELTS PTE

Water is in short supply in many countries of the world, but consumption of water by families is increasing. Why is this happening? What can be done to preserve water?

IELTS: 40 minutes, 250 words.

PTE: 20 minutes, 200 to 300 words.


Introduction: (Introduce the topic and MENTION the reasons why water consumption is increasing. EXPLAIN these reasons in the body paragraph. Reserve solution to the problem for the conclusion.)

Water is a precious natural resource that is getting swiftly depleted due to over consumption by humans. With global human population more nine billion, unprecedented wealth and technological advancements, we are consuming all natural resources rapidly.

Body Paragraph 1: (Reason 1: human population)

During the past one century, advancements in medical science have reduced the human mortality rate and increased longevity. Consequently, there are more people to consume limited natural resources such as water. The situation is particularly precarious in countries like India where water has become a scarce commodity. Many parts of Rajasthan, a desert state in North India, have witnessed water wars in which people clash over the right to use the scarce natural resource. Similarly, over consumption of water by humans in California has led to a severe water deficit in the state.

Body Paragraph 2: (Reason 2: unprecedented wealth)

Moreover, with increasing prosperity, we take everything for granted. Not only have we allowed criminal wastage of water for gardening and car washing, but also contributed to its deficit through global warming. Over consumption of various products leads to increase in our carbon footprint that increases the level of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. The trapping of heat by these gases accelerates the evaporation of water from lakes and ponds leading to the lesser availability of water for consumption.

Body Paragraph 3: (Measures to preserve)

Preserving water is not only the responsibility of governments but also that of individuals. Everyone must build a rain water harvesting system at home so that rain water is utilized rather than being wasted through drains. Such systems facilitate an increase in ground water level that can be used in the future. Furthermore, recycled water should be used for activities such as gardening. Everyone must be aware of curtailing the use of water in activities such as washing utensils, clothes, and bathing.

Conclusion: (Conclude with future + Impact)

To make our planet sustainable for generations to come, we need to follow these practices of water conservation. Judicious use of this precious and increasingly scarce natural resource is the only way for all life forms to survive on the planet Earth.

330 words.

Here is a correction to a student’s answer on this topic. You can learn more by comparing the two essays.

Another essay correction on this topic is posted HERE.

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4 replies »

  1. sir can we use word….. ;we;…. in IELTS many people have come to believe that students should not use personal language in IELTS Academic such as ,I…, We…, His / Her and so on ???


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