Advertisements

Rules of Parallelism – Lesson for IELTS and PTE Students.

Most of the essays I’ve corrected so far contain errors of parallelism. Let me explain this concept in detail.

Parallelism refers to keeping the words/ clauses/ phrases similar in a grammatical construction. The idea is to balance a NOUN with a NOUN, a VERB with a VERB, an ADJECTIVE with an ADJECTIVE. Similarly, balance an ADJECTIVE + NOUN with an ADJECTIVE + NOUN. For instance:

Incorrect: I love playing guitar (verb+noun) and books (noun).

Correct: I love playing guitar (verb+noun) and reading books (verb+noun).

Correct: I love guitar (noun) and books (noun).

A student wrote in one of the essays:

Incorrect: This is mostly attributed to lack of planning (adjective+noun), technology (noun), and poor governance (adjective+noun).

Clearly, the above sentence is not balanced. Let me offer a correct version.

Correct: This is mostly attributed to lack of planning (adjective+noun), advanced technology (adjective+noun), and poor governance (adjective+noun).

These rules are also applicable on tenses. For instance:

Incorrect: She came (past tense) home, took (past tense) a shower and will (future tense) go to the party.

Correct: She came (past tense) home, took (past tense) a shower and went (future tense) to the party.

Incorrect: Humans pollute animal habitats, poisoning rivers with toxic wastes and increasing the concentration of harmful gases in the Earth`s atmosphere. 

Correct: Humans pollute animal habitats, poison rivers with toxic waste and increase the concentration of harmful gases in the Earth’s atmosphere.

Incorrect: Adding negative points to driver’s license, filing charge sheets against people frequently traffic rules violating, and temporary cancellation of driver’s license would be a great solution. (Adding, Filing and Temporary are not parallel.)

Correct: Adding negative points to driver’s license, filing charge sheets against people frequently traffic rules violating, and canceling driver’s license temporarily would be a great solution. (Adding, Filing and Cancelling are parallel.)

Incorrect: His social interaction with other people is less, consequently reducing his socializing skills that may lead to isolation (Noun) and be distant (Adjective) distance from others.

Correct: His social interaction with other people is less, consequently reducing his socializing skills that may lead to isolation (Noun) and distance (Noun) from others.

Incorrect: Many people are addicted to various bad habits such as smoking (Verb), alcohol  (noun) and recreational-drugs (noun) which not only cause various diseases but also make them financially weak.

Correct: Many people are addicted to various bad habits such as smoking tobacco (verb+noun), drinking alcohol (verb+noun) and consuming recreational-drugs (verb+noun) which not only cause various diseases but also make them financially weak.

I’m sure these sentences are enough to explain the concept. Ask questions in the comments box below.

Please feel free to ask any doubts in the comments box below.

Are you’re looking for help in writing a powerful Statement of Purpose? Contact us NOW!

Follow this blog and like our Facebook page to learn exciting new essays. Please share your answer to this topic in the comments box below. You can contact me HERE.

 

 

 

 

Advertisements

12 responses

  1. In the last example you have given what should be the sentence if the lady hasn’t left for the party yet?
    Would it be she came home, took a shower and will be going to the party?

    Liked by 1 person

    • No. The tense of a sentence should stay the same, as far as possible. Under parallelism (applicable before and after “AND”) the tense should never change. If she WILL leave for the party, prefer writing it in a new sentence. “She came home and took a shower. She will go to the party soon.”

      Like

  2. Pingback: IELTS Essay Correction: Health Education and Preventive Measures | ELTEC English

  3. She came home, took a shower and went to a party. How to write this sentence if the person has not yet left for the party?
    Would it be: She came home, took a shower and would go to the party?
    Or
    She came home, took a shower and will be going to the party?

    Like

  4. Pingback: IELTS Essay Correction: Number of Animals and Plants Declining. | ELTEC English

  5. Pingback: IELTS Essay Correction: Strict Punishment for Driving Offences – 2. | ELTEC English

  6. Pingback: PTE Answer Correction: Company Should Concentrate on Sales or Reputation. | ELTEC English

  7. Pingback: IELTS Essay Correction: Modern Communication Technology and Social Relationships. | ELTEC English

  8. Pingback: IELTS Essay Correction: Health Education and Preventative Measures – 1. « ELTEC English

  9. Pingback: IELTS Essay Correction: Computer Skills At School – 2. « ELTEC English

  10. Pingback: IELTS Essay Correction: Health Education and Preventative Measures – 2. « ELTEC English

  11. Pingback: IELTS Essay Correction: Smoking at Public Places. « ELTEC English

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: