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Nowadays congestion and traffic jams are a common and major problem in most cities. Some people believe it is a good idea to construct wider roads to resolve this issue. Do you agree or disagree with this statement? What can be the solution, in your opinion?
40 minutes, 250 words at least.
Introduction: (Introduce the topic and state your OPINION while mentioning the reasons supporting your opinion.)
Traffic congestion and jams are becoming a major productivity and economic issue in almost all cities across the world. Though some people think that constructing wider roads will alleviate this problem, I believe that public transportation is a better solution since increasing number of cars will ultimately congest the wider roads. (51 words.)
Body Paragraph 1: (Explain why roads are not a solution)
Constructing broad roads will certainly reduce the magnitude of traffic congestion in the short-term. However, in the medium to long-term, it is not a viable option since wider roads often attract a greater number of vehicles which will ultimately lead to traffic jams within a few years. For instance, all major highways in India were broadened in India under the Golden Quadrilateral project of the Indian government in 2004 with the purpose of creating smoother traffic flow. However, the authorities were surprised that in less than a decade, the widened roads were again congested with traffic jams. (97 words.)
Body Paragraph 2: (Explain your solution)
A more viable solution to this pestering problem is building a vibrant public transportation system consisting of metro rails and bus rapid transit system. Experience of various developed countries such as Sweden and Japan has proved that metro trains not only drastically reduce the need for private vehicles but also eliminate the need for widening roads. Buses are a great way to enable metro-train passengers to reach their final destination. For example, the Delhi Metro has been extremely successful in providing end-to-end connectivity while reducing the number of cars on roads. (91 words.)
Conclusion: (Conclude the essay with Future and impact)
In conclusion, if governments invest in public transport systems instead of widening already existing roads, it will not only make roads less congested and reduce the magnitude of traffic jams but also curtail of vehicular pollution and economic cost of fossil fuel wastage. (43 words.)
Total Words = 282 words.
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