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Writing proper sentence structure is Achilles Heel for most students. I distinguish the sentence structure from the grammar for the sake of convenience. In this article, I’ll discuss a few sentence structures for different situations in Task 1 in the IELTS exam.
Let me discuss a few structures in part 1 of this article.
IELTS exam often asks students to make comparisons in the bar-chart and pie-chart questions. Making comparisons is not difficult if you have the right sentence structure in your mind.
Let me explain. Look at the following pie-charts.
Can you write a sentence comparing all the continents? Let me present a convenient structure.
Step 1: Compare Apples with Apples. Do not compare the incomparable. You can’t compare agricultural water use in North America with industrial water use in Europe. Choose any one category. Say, water use in agriculture.
Step 2: Collect data for the chosen category among all the pie-charts. North America = 39 percent; South America = 71 percent; Europe = 33 percent.
Step 3: Do you see any trend? Perhaps something is double of another.
Step 4: Use comparative words (while, whereas) to connect the dots.
Step 5: Use the common word/ phrase at the beginning of the sentence. Then use a pronoun (referencing words) to refer back to it. Increases cohesion.
“The percentage of (its percentage use, remember) water use in agriculture was the least in Europe, while it was the highest in South America. In North America, it was 39 percent of total water use.”
Let me present another example:
Let us write a sentence for bottled water consumption in 1999.
“In 1999, the bottled water consumption was the highest in Western Europe, while it was the lowest in U.S.A and Asia. It was 15 percent of global use in Australia, followed by 13 percent in New Zealand and 10 percent in Latin America.”
I’m sure you are now in a position to write sentences comparing domestic water use and industrial water consumption. Please write these sentences in the comments box below.
Ask any doubts in the comments box below.
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