IELTS PTE Essay: Genetically Modified Foods.

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With a growing population, many people believe that we should focus on producing more GM foods. What are the advantages and disadvantages of doing this?


40minutes, 250 words at least.


Introduction: (Introduce with a general line and MENTION a few advantages and a few disadvantages.)

The human population has grown rapidly during the past century due to advancements in medical science. However, technological advancements in food have not kept pace and a large proportion of population suffers from malnutrition. Some people suggest growing genetically modified crops to address the issue of malnutrition and lack of food (advantages). Others think this will destroy natural foods and seriously change the human DNA (disadvantages)(62 words)

Body Paragraph 1: (EXPLAIN Advantages)

A large percentage of human population suffers from malnutrition leading to loss of productivity. Genetically Modified crops designed to address this gap by adding nutrients such as iron, calcium, phosphates that cannot be absorbed through soil. The Human Development report, 2016, has highlighted GM foods are the only financially and technically viable solution to the problem of lack of nutrition. Moreover, GM foods have the potential to increase crop yields that will help produce more food from the same piece of land. Since land is a limited resource, increasing crop yields is the only way to feed all 9 billion people on planet Earth. (104 words)

Body Paragraph 2: (EXPLAIN Disadvantages)

However, these foods pose certain threats to humans as well as ecosystem. Scientists have proved that GM foods, if carelessly introduced, can lead to destruction of environment. For instance, GM Brinjal, which was introduced in an Indian state in 2009, resulted in severe loss of productivity of all crops in the adjoining areas. Furthermore, scientists fear that consuming these crops lead to change in human DNA as well the effects of which are yet to be scientifically examined. (77 words)


In conclusion, while the benefits of GM foods are abundant, we cannot ignore their adverse effects. Introducing these foods at a large scale for human consumption without scientifically analysing the effects will be a serious mistake. (36 words)

Total Words = 279 words.

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4 replies »

  1. Although in such topics, in all likelihood, never will yield a consensual agreement, a constructive dialogue on the advantages and the disadvantages of the genetically modified foods can lead to thought-provoking discussions.

    On the one hand, there are some people who shed light on the fact that the advantages of GM foods come from their ability to help people with malnutrition and lack of foods. Such people may argue that GM foods are modified to be enriched with the essential elements and vitamins that the body needs. For instance, such food with this advantage could replace some natural foods, that may be unhealthy.

    However, in spite of these arguments, I believe that GM foods result in various unfavorable consequences. Firstly, the organic foods still haveit’s value. In other words, for example, if an organic apple been modified genetically, it could be claimed to be harmful. Secondly, nowaday the Cancer cases diagnosed for the reason of modification and mutation of foods and drinks. Finally, in a nutshell, organic food or natural food even it is might be unhealthy but it is less dangerous than GM Food.

    I see that there is a potential evidence to fortify the contention I have provided. Thus, I am inclined to come to the conclusion that, even there are advantages for GM food in replacing natural food its disadvantages weighted more than it in dangerous.


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