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Nowadays many people prefer to use their own cars to commute rather than buses and trains. Why do you think this is happening? What can the government do to change it?
40 minutes, 250 words only.
Introduction: (Introduce the topic with a general statement and MENTION the reasons. EXPLAIN the reasons in the body paragraphs.)
With an increase in prosperity and falling cost of products, owning a car has become easier than ever before. People prefer travelling by cars since it is convenient and economical, and public transport is neither comfortable nor accessible. (38 words.)
Body Paragraph 1: (Explain reason 1 – convenient)
The proliferation of private vehicles and smooth roads has made travelling an easy and comfortable experience. While public transport is uncomfortable, personal cars offer an enjoyable experience. For instance, a recent McKinsey report revealed that while the number of cars in India have increased by 300 percent from 2010 to 2017, the number of people travelling by buses and trains have grown by 10 percent only. The report cites comfort of travel as the most important reason behind a tremendous growth rate of private vehicles. (84 words.)
Body Paragraph 2: (Explain reason 2 – economical)
Moreover, during the past century, advancements in automobile technology and falling price of oil have made private transport extremely economical. Long distance car travels have become as cheap as long distance bus drives. For instance, a recent report by the Indian Transport Ministry revealed that the cost of travelling for two passengers over a distance of 100 kilometers is equal both for a personal vehicle and a public transport. (69 words.)
Body Paragraph 3: (What can the governments do?)
The governments must take serious measures to control increasing number of vehicles on the roads. Not only should they invest in introducing comfortable buses, building dedicated bus corridors, and launching metro rails but also impose heavy taxes on all modes of private transport except bicycles. These measures will help reduce extreme pollution in various cities such as New Delhi. (59 words.)
Conclusion: (Conclude the essay with future)
In conclusion, controlling the urge to drive a private vehicle needs to be curtailed to make Earth a sustainable place to live. Private vehicles are one of the biggest source of pollution and making public transport comfortable and affordable is the right path to follow. (45 words.)
Total Words = 295 words.
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