IELTS Essay Task 2: Recent Advances in Medical Science.

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Recent advances in medical science have resulted in increased life expectancy over the past few years. Do you think the advantages outweigh the disadvantages?

40 minutes, 250 words at least.



Medical science has progressed immensely over the past two decades leading to increased survival of many critical patients, thus increasing the overall life expectancy of the individuals. I strongly feel this is a positive development since the increased survival of the population has contributed heavily to the increased productivity of the nation. Secondly, the advanced surgical techniques have raised the quality of life of many debilitated patients over the years.

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Numerous recent advances in trauma and critical care have brought about the increased survival of road traffic accident victims. These patients mostly belong to the younger age group and have the ability to contribute immensely to the productivity of the country. Hence, each such life saved adds up greatly to the global economy. A recent survey conducted by a leading Indian medical journal stated that with thirty percent increase in the number of government-run trauma centers in major metropolitan cities in India, the reported accident victims who survived after the treatment increased by three times. This has tremendously benefitted the Indian economy.

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Moreover, the advancements in the field of surgery have reduced the sufferings of the elderly population as well. Numerous surgical techniques have not only relieved the older people of the debilitating pain caused by degenerative diseases but also improved their quality of life dramatically. Therefore, these advancements have given them a chance to lead an active social life and participate in various vocational activities. A recent study in a leading news magazine revealed that there has been a 2.5 times increase in successful knee replacement surgeries in India over the past 5 years, which has given the elderly population a new lease of life.


To conclude, I would like to emphasize that recent advances in medical science have contributed largely to the nation not only by consistently saving the life of many citizens who belong to the economically productive age group but also by improving the lifestyles of the elderly population. Such developments in the field of medicine need to continue for the sustained progress of the society and economic growth of the country. Therefore, the advantages of such developments far outweigh the disadvantages.

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3 replies »

    • Dear Darshine, this is an opinion question asking whether “advantages outweigh disadvantages”. This gives the writer a lot of flexibility. You can have the following structures:

      1. There are only advantages and no disadvantages.
      2. There are more advantages than disadvantages.
      3. There are equal number of advantages and disadvantages.
      4. There are more disadvantages than advantages.
      5. There are only disadvantages and no advantages.

      I’ve chosen the first case.

      Hope this helps.


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