IELTS Essay Task 2: Punishment Necessary to Learn Distinction Between Right and Wrong.

It is important for children to learn the difference between right and wrong at an early age. Punishment is necessary to help them learn this distinction.

To what extent do you agree or disagree with this opinion?

What sort of punishment should parents and teachers be allowed to use to teach good behaviour to children?

40 minutes, 250 words at least.


Introduction: (Introduce the topic and state your opinion and MENTION “sort punishment.”)

The right moral and ethical education of an individual begins at a young age (opening sentence). I strongly believe that a system of rewards and punishments plays a vital role in a child’s learning since this helps the youngster distinguish between right and wrong (opinion). Towards this purpose parents and teachers should impose constructive punishments such as social service (sort of punishment).

Body Paragraph 1: (EXPLAIN your opinion)

Without rewards and punishments, children can not learn a number of moral and ethical issues (IDEA mentioned). Though parents may explain their child the reasons behind a moral behaviour, the child may not be in a position to understand the difference. Under such situations, mild punishments for a wrong behaviour and rewards for a right behaviour enable a child to make a distinction. For example, in Sikhism, a religion in South Asia, young children are given punishment of cleaning shoes of devotees in a temple. They are sometimes punished with the job of cooking food for the poor at the temple. These punishments help a child realise his mistakes (IDEA explained with example).

Body Paragraph 2: (Sort of Punishment – constructive)

Despite the need for punishment to teach a child (just to maintain cohesion with the previous paragraph), parents and teachers should make sure that the penalty is constructive in nature and not destructive (IDEA mentioned). A child should not be physically or mentally abused. Instead, he should be given punishments that enable him to realise his mistakes. For instance, a child who misbehaves with parents should be made to spend some time in an old age home so that he develops a maturity to respect others. Similarly, courts often punish juveniles with social service for misdemeanours such as drinking and smoking (IDEA explained with example).

Conclusion: (What if the punishment is NOT given.)

In conclusion, punishment is necessary for the moral and ethical development of a child. If children are not given mild, constructive punishments, they will not be able to understand the difference between good and bad. This will make a society less stable and sustainable. 

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