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IELTS Essay February 2018: Pay Higher Taxes to Serve Basic Needs.

Some people believe we need to pay higher taxes in order for the government to build population’s basic needs services. Others say the government should find other means to get funds for it. What should the government do, in your opinion?

40 minutes, 250 words at least.


Introduction: (Introduce the topic and MENTION the actions government should take. EXPLAIN these actions in the body paragraphs.)

It is a government’s responsibility to address its citizens’ basic needs such as electricity, clean drinking water, motorable roads, and affordable housing. I think that governments should partially increase taxes to raise resources to serve these needs and partially invite the private sector to make investments.

Body Paragraph 1: (EXPLAIN why the government should use taxes.)

Raising tax slabs to serve people’s needs is a necessary evil for all governments these days. Due to a rapid increase in human population, serving everyone’s needs has become a challenging task and it requires tremendous resources. Since taxes are the only source of income for governments, there is no other way to fulfill people’s needs other than increasing taxes. For instance, the United States government serves its citizens’ medical, transport and safety needs. However, with increasing cost of these needs and rising poverty among people, the government has no choice but to raise taxes.

Body Paragraph 2: (EXPLAIN why the government should invite private investments)

Despite an increase in taxes, unfortunately, the increasing basic needs cannot be satisfied. The governments must invite private investments so that companies can use public money deposited in banks to invest in generating assets for the citizens. For instance, the government of India has partnered with various national and international companies to construct road network throughout the country. Similarly, the government of Canada has partnered with private players to construct and professionally run hospitals to serve people’s needs.

Conclusion: (Conclude the essay be PARAPHRASING the ideas and using the element of FUTURE.)

In conclusion, governments need to follow a combined strategy of raising tax slabs and inviting private investments to serve people’s basic needs. If sufficient resources are raised from various sources, it will help in the creation of long-term, productive assets for the community. This will enable the formation of a socially stable and economically prosperous society.

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