IELTS Essay February 2018: Life in 21st Century is Better Compared to the Previous Century.

Life in the 21st century is better compared to the previous century. To what extant do you agree or disagree? Give reasons for your answer and include relevant examples from your own experience.

40 minutes, 250 words at least.


Introduction: (Introduce the topic with your opinion and MENTION the reasons supporting your view. EXPLAIN these reasons in the body paragraphs.)

The 21st century has witnessed the introduction of modern technologies that have made human life more comfortable than ever before. These have indeed made living in the present century much better than the past centuries since humans have to make less physical efforts and enjoy a longer life span due to superior medical facilities.

Body Paragraph 1: (EXPLAIN idea 1 – Lesser reliance on physical efforts in 21st century.)

Gone are the days when humans had to do hard physical labour to survive. Before the dawn of the 21st century, they had to work diligently in the field to grow crops and spend a long time to travel a few kilometers. In the present era, most of the agriculture is done through tractors and harvesters, and farmers do not need to spend physical labour to grow crops. Similarly, the proliferation of excellent road and rail infrastructure along with reliable motorized public and private transport have eliminated the need to travel slowly using an animal. 

Body Paragraph 2: (EXPLAIN idea 2 – Medical advancements in 21st century.)

Equally important role has been played by revolution in the field of medical science in making the human life comfortable in 21st century. Medical science has not only invented various life saving drugs that have increased years to our life span but also introduced various medicines that have enhanced the quality of life. These were impossible in the previous centuries. For instance, various protein and vitamin supplements are used to increase body’s functionality and energize for a day’s work. Innovations in heart treatment in the present century have enabled previously serious patients to lead a normal life.


In conclusion, the 21st century advancements in technologies ranging from computers and automobiles to medical equipments have resulted in a better life for humans. These developments have reduced the need for physical endeavor and improved comfort and convenience in our life.

Total Words = 287.

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