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IELTS Academic Task 1: Imprisonment in Five Countries.

The table below shows figures for imprisonment in five countries between 1930 and 1980.

Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information shown below.

Imprisonment in five countries IELTS

Answer:

The bar chart provides information about the number of people who were put behind bars in Great Britain, Australia, New Zealand, United States and Canada from 1930 to 1980.

Overall, while the number of imprisoned people increased throughout the period for Great Britain, it fluctuated for all other countries. The least incarceration numbers were in Great Britain from 1930 to 1960, and in Australia in 1980. Canada had the distinction of highest imprisonments in 1930 and 1950, and the United States had the most people jailed in 1940, 1960, 1970 and 1980.

The number of people jailed in Great Britain was about 30 thousand in 1930 and it increased gradually to about 80 thousand in 1980. The figure for Australia dropped dramatically from 1930 to 1940, before rising gradually till 1970. Thereafter, it again decreased suddenly in 1980 to become the lowest among all countries.

New Zealand imprisoned 100 thousand people in 1930 and this number fell sharply in 1940 and remained constant in 1950. In 1960, it rose appreciably to 80 thousand and again remained constant before rising marginally in 1980. The United States incarcerated 100 thousand individuals in 1930 and the figure increased sharply in 1940. The numbers fluctuated during the following decades and they reached the peak of 140 thousand in 1980. Canada, which had the most jailed individuals in 1930, witnessed minor fluctuations in its numbers while showing a general declining trend.

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