IELTS Essay, July 2018: People’s Life is Changing and this Affects Family Relationships.

Nowadays people’s life is changing rapidly and, as a result, family relationships are affected. Do the advantages of this outweigh the disadvantages? Give your opinion and examples from your own experience.

40 minutes, 250 words at least.


NOTE: This is an opinion question and it asks “Do the advantages outweigh the disadvantages?” If you agree with this, you should write more on advantages and less on disadvantages. If you disagree, you should write more on disadvantages and less on advantages. Since I agree with the question, I will write TWO advantages and ONE disadvantage.

Introduction: (Introduce the topic with a general statement and STATE your opinion. MENTION the reasons supporting your opinion.)

With a rapidly changing business and technological atmosphere, the family structure is transforming throughout the world. I think this has numerous advantages ranging from better career opportunities to greater independence. This has a major disadvantage of lack of emotional bond among family members.

Body Paragraph 1: (Explain the first advantage – career opportunities)

The structure is changing from joint family to nuclear family. This allows younger family members to focus more on career and less on family obligations. Members of a joint family are often engaged in taking care of elderly and dependent members. A nuclear family is free of such compulsions and allows youngsters to spend more time on economically productive tasks.

Body Paragraph 2: (Explain the second advantage – independence)

Moreover, a nuclear family allows all members to stay free of any interference. A joint family not only has more than two generations living under the same roof but also several uncles, aunts, and cousins in close vicinity. This leaves little room for privacy and almost no independence. The changing family structure, on the other hand, allows separate rooms for all members and, hence, they have the independence to act according to their wish.

Body Paragraph 3: (Explain the disadvantage – lack of emotional bond)

However, this often leads to weakening of emotional bond among people. When the family structure breaks, it leads to lesser responsibility towards others and greater individuality. This results in a selfish culture in which each member looks after her interests and not that of others. Consequently, people become more materialistic and lesser human. For example, the changing family structure in Europe has resulted in more materialism while the tribals in Asia follow the traditional family structure and have strong emotions for other members of the family.


In conclusion, though the changing family structure results in a lack of emotional bond, it is beneficial for the individual and the economy.

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2 replies »

  1. Hello sir. In some of your adv outweigh disadv essays, you have written 3 bps and in some 2. Which is better? Is there no need for both adv and disadv to be equal in length? Thank you!


    • Hi Priya, the structuring of paragraphs depends on your opinion. If you believe advantages are equal to disadvantages, better write one paragraph on each. If you think one is more than the other, you can write three body paragraphs.


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