IELTS Essay, September 2018: International Community Act To Reduce Consumption of Fossil Fuels.

The international community must act immediately to ensure that all countries reduce their consumption of fossil fuels such as gas, oil, and coal. To what extent do you agree or disagree with this statement? Give your own opinion.

40 minutes, 250 words at least.

Similar IELTS Questions:

May 2018 – The trend of increased consumer goods production is damaging the natural environment. Why is it happening? What are the solutions for this situation?

Global warming is one of the most serious issues that the world is facing today. What are the causes of global warming and what measures can governments and individuals take to tackle the issue?


Introduction: (Write a general statement. STATE your opinion and MENTION the reasons supporting your opinion)

The greatest threat for humanity and for all life forms on the Earth is global warming caused by human actions. I strongly believe that all countries should closely coordinate to drastically reduce the consumption of fossil fuels since pollution in a country impacts others and no country will take the initiative due to the economic impacts of such measures.

Body Paragraph 1: (EXPLAIN reason 1 – pollution impacts all countries)

The pollution of every country impacts the environment of other countries in one way or another. Excessive plastic usage in India, for instance, impacts Singapore and Saudi Arabia. The Indian plastic, which is manufactured from crude oil, is irresponsibly dumped in the oceans. This pollution not only contaminates the local marine life but also that of other countries. Similarly, pollution from China’s coal-powered plants and steel mills impacts the environment of Japan in adverse ways and depletes the ozone layer over other countries. Since water and air cannot be divided between different countries and they act as a single global system, all countries must act together to reduce dependence on fossil fuels.

Body Paragraph 2: (EXPLAIN reason 2 – economic impact of acting alone)

Moreover, this is an era of competition in which all countries compete with others to produce goods at a low price. Since reducing reliance on crude oil will entail huge investments in alternative sources and this will increase the price of all manufactured goods, no country will take an initiative. The country which takes the initiative will lose a competitive edge over others. Consequently, all countries should come together on a common platform such as the United Nations and pledge to curtail the use of fossil fuels in an organized manner.


In conclusion, the future of humanity is at stake and the price of not acting is too high. I think all countries must cooperate and impose strict reduction targets on all countries.

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