IELTS Essay September 2018: People Leave Rural Areas To Study Or Work.

Nowadays in many countries, young people leave rural areas to study or work in cities. Is it a positive or negative development?

40 minutes, 250 words at least.


Introduction: (Introduce the topic with a general statement, STATE your opinion, MENTION the reasons supporting your opinion.)

Due to a lack of opportunities in rural areas and the proliferation of education, many youngsters prefer to study and work in urban areas. I think this is a positive development as businesses get better workforce (reason 1) and youngsters get better educational and work environment (reason 2).

Body Paragraph 1: (Explain first reason – businesses get better workforce)

When youngsters migrate from rural areas to cities, they gain professional skills such as plumbing, computer typing, sewing and this helps business find better employees (IDEA Sentence). Many youths in urban areas are disinclined to follow certain professions and rural youths, due to little job opportunities in villages, find these attractive. Moreover, they are more sincere at work than the urban youth. Since they have fewer opportunities to work at home, they are more diligent and serious at work (Explain how they help businesses – 1. Professions; 2. Sincerity). This is immensely beneficial for the business atmosphere in general (Closing sentence).

Body Paragraph 2: (Explain second reason – better environment)

Also, migration to urban areas is extremely beneficial for the rural youth (IDEA Sentence). There are almost no educational and work opportunities in villages and small towns. Cities, on the other hand, attract huge investments in these domains (Explain idea). For example, institutes of excellence such as Harvard University in Boston, the University of Ottawa in Ottawa, Indian Institute of Technology in Mumbai are in urban areas (Example with proper context – task response). Similarly, almost all business houses have manufacturing and service work in urban areas (IDEA Sentence). This allows rural youth the study in best institutes and find a financially and personally attractive occupation (Explanation).


In conclusion, I think youngsters should leave rural areas to find educational and job opportunities in cities. This will be beneficial not only for their careers but also for the economy.

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