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IELTS Task 2 Essay: Mature Age Employees or Younger Employees.

employees IELTS PTE.jpg

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Some people are convinced that mature age employees are beneficial to a company. Others think that younger employees contribute more and hence are more beneficial to a company. Discuss both views and give your own opinion.

40 minutes, 250 words at least.

Answer:

Introduction: (Introduce the topic and MENTION reasons supporting both views. Also state your opinion.)

Employees play a central role in the economic progress of any business. While some people believe experiences staff is beneficial since it has a better understanding of business and has strong field contacts, others prefer younger employees since they are more energetic and have better knowledge of the latest techniology(50 words.)

Body Paragraph 1: (Explain reasons supporting view 1)

Mature team members are in a better position to entertain customers and solve their problems since they have more experience than younger team members. Psychologists have proved that a mature person with relevant business experience listens more and speaks less. This helps them solve customers’ problems. Moreover, they have strong and extensive field and business contacts developed during years of cultivating networks. These contacts are extremely useful to the employer in winning new customers and business contracts. (77 words.)

Body Paragraph 2: (Explain reasons supporting view 2)

On the other hand, young employees play an instrumental role in infusing energy and excitement in the business atmosphere. Unlike mature team members, youngsters have the zest to achieve goals and the attitude to get things done. Moreover, they have a better know-how of the latest technological developments and are, thus, better equipped to take the business into the future. For instance, the average age of residents of the Silicon Valley in California, which is the home to the largest technology companies in the world, is just 35 years. More than half of the employees are under 30 years of age. (101 words.)

Conclusion: (Give your own opinion and explain it)

In conclusion, I think that to a company needs the wisdom and experience of mature employees and zest, energy and technical know-how of young teammates to be sustainable and grow responsibly. While mature employees teach the need to listen to the customer, the youngsters infuse the need to get things done quickly. (52 words.)

Total Words = 280 words.

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IELTS Essay Task 2: A few People Earn Huge Salary.

salary IELTS PTE

Image Courtesy: thebluediamondgalary.com Nick Youngson

In some countries, a few people earn extremely high salaries. Some people think that this is good for a country, while others believe that the government should control salaries and limit the amount people can earn. Discuss both views and give your opinion.

40 minutes, 250 words at least.

Answer:

Please go through a student’s answer correction HERE.

Introduction: (Introduce the topic with reasons supporting both opinions.)

These days, increasing income disparity has become a heated issue. Some people opine that only a few individuals earning an extremely high salary is beneficial since it increases motivation to perform and attracts the best global talent. Others think it has adverse effects of rising inequality and discrimination. (48 words.)

Body Paragraph 1: (Explain reasons supporting opinion 1.)

The Greater salary for top executives certainly plays an important in motivating employees to work harder and achieve goals. Business research has proved that financial incentives are a basic need and greater the salary, more is the employee driven to achieve organizational goals. Moreover, higher salary also attracts and retains globally scarce top management talent. Organizations such as the Public Sector Undertakings which do not pay globally competitive salary often suffer from losses as compared to private enterprises that pay huge pay and bonus. (84 words.)

Body Paragraph 2: (Explain reasons supporting opinion 2.)

However, paying greater salaries has the adverse effects of increasing income inequality that leads to social unrest. The concentration of wealth in a few hands results in disproportionate power to a few individuals and discrimination of the masses. The common citizens, who earn normal salaries, often feel disenchanted and dissatisfied in such an atmosphere. For instance, the societies such as Syria and Libya which have extreme income inequality are more unstable socially than other such as the Sweden and Finland. (80 words.)

Conclusion: (State your opinion and conclude)

In conclusion, I think high salaries are a great motivating factor that attracts talented and skilled people. However, an extreme salary should be avoided since it makes a society unstable. Striking a balance between the two is the path for the economic and social progress of a country. (48 words)

Total Words = 260.

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IELTS Writing Task 2: Main Functions of a University.

University Subjects IELTS PTE

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Some people think that universities should provide graduates with the knowledge and skills for the workplace in the future. Others think that the true function of a university is to provide access to knowledge for its own sake. What do you think are the main functions of a university?

40 minutes, 250 words at least.

Answer:

Let me present a suitable structure for this question along with an explanation of “knowledge for its own sake”.

Introduction: Introduce the topic with a general statement on the CORE of the topic – University Education’s Function. This should be followed by your opinion. What are the functions of a university? Let me present a sample introduction:

While some people believe that higher education institutions are meant to prepare students for a long and prosperous career through professional education and skills, others opine universities should promote the pursuit of knowledge. I think these institutions should be an amalgamation of the two approaches. (45 words.)

Body Paragraph 1: Please explain why universities should promote professional education. Try writing about 80 words. Two sentences in general followed by an example in two sentences.

Body Paragraph 2: Please explain why universities should promote knowledge for its own sake. What exactly does this mean? Let me explain.

There is a belief that knowledge should be an end in itself and not a tool to achieve something. That is, it should not be used for tangible or career benefits. A person must learn things because he is in love with the process of learning. For my Indian readers, this refers to learning engineering Phunsuk Wangdu (Amir Khan) style in “The Three Idiots”. I’m sure the idea is much clear now.

Again, write 80 words. Two sentences in general explaining the idea and two sentences giving an example.

Sample Paragraph:

The progress of human civilization can equally be attributed to the selfless pursuit of knowledge. Universities have always nurtured creative and dedicated individuals who study and research subjects and topics in detail to solve humanity’s problems rather than securing employment. For instance, Albert Einstein pursued research in Physics at the Harvard University not to secure job in a corporation but to solve humanity’s pressing problems. Similarly, Amartya Sen, a Nobel prize winner and a renowned economist, studies welfare economics at the Oxford University to find out ways to eradicate poverty. (90 words)

Conclusion: 40 to 50 words. About two sentences using the elements of future and impact.

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IELTS Essay August 2017: Illegal to Smoke in Public Places.

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In many countries, it is now illegal to smoke in public places. It is only fair that people who wish to smoke should have to leave the building. Do you agree or disagree?

40 minutes, 250 words.

Answer:

Introduction: (Introduce the topic with a general sentence and state your OPINION. MENTION the reasons supporting your opinion that you plan to explain in the body paragraphs.)

Several countries have banned smoking in public places since it is harmful to not only the active smokers but also the passive recipients. It must be prohibited in populated areas since it has detrimental impacts on the vulnerable sections such as patients and children. (44 words)

Body Paragraph 1: (Explain – detrimental impacts on patients)

Patients in hospitals, homes and care centers have a weaker immune system and are prone to infections. Consequently, pollution from a burning cigarette can severely impact their health condition. For instance, a recent All India Institute of Medica Science (AIIMS) study has found that the critically ill patients who live in an atmosphere of passive smoking live at least six months less than other patients. In the interest of these patients, governments must prohibit smoking inside all buildings. (77 words.)

Body Paragraph 2: (Explain – detrimental impacts on children)

Youngsters have an impressionable mind and are more psychologically prone to smoking if they come across active smokers. Moreover, their immunity is not as strong as adults and have greater chances of catching life-threatening diseases if they are exposed to passive smoking. The Ministry of Health in India declared in 2016 that children and teenagers who are exposed to smoking either at home or in the community have at least forty percent greater chance of becoming active smokers. Consequently, banning smoking in public places will reduce the probability of children falling prey of this deadly habit. (96 words.)

Conclusion: (Conclude the essay with FUTURE and IMPACT)

In conclusion, if smoking is prohibited in buildings and public spaces, it will not only reduce the probability of smoking among youngsters but also improve the physical health of the non-smokers. This will eventually seriously decrease the health bill of a country and boost the economic productivity of its citizens. (50 words.)

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IELTS/ PTE Essay: The Internet has Revolutionized the World.

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The internet has revolutionized the modern world but it has also created new problems and inequalities. Do you agree or disagree?

IELTS: 40 minutes, 250 words at least.

Answer:

Let me present a suitable structure for the question instead of offering an answer. You can either agree or disagree or take a middle ground. Whatever your position, here is a structure along with suitable vocabulary.

Introduction: (40 to 50 words; 2 sentences.) 

Please write one general sentence and one sentence supporting your opinion. Mention two reasons supporting your opinion.

Body Paragraph 1: (80 to 90 words; 5 sentences.)

EXPLAIN reason 1 that you mentioned above to support your opinion. Try writing an example to make your answer stronger.

Body Paragraph 2: (80 to 90 words; 5 sentences)

EXPLAIN reason 2 that you mentioned above to support your opinion. Try writing an example to make your answer stronger.

Conclusion: (40 words.)

IDEAS:

Positive:- online banking; Communication; Online shopping; Airline booking; Concert booking; Theatre ticket booking; distance education; research.

Negative:- hackers; Pornography; productivity drops; terrorist communication.

NOTE: IELTS grades essay for explaining the point you have raised. Please pick two or three points from those mentioned above and explain them completely.

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IELTS/ PTE Essay (September 2017): Advertisements Aimed at Children.

Advertisement Children IELTS PTE.jpg

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These days many advertisements are aimed at children. What effect do you think they have? Should advertising to children be more controlled and regulated?

IELTS: 40minutes, 250 words at least.

PTE: 20 minutes, 200 to 300 words.

Answer:

Introduction: (Introduce the topic and MENTION the effects on children. EXPLAIN these effects in the body paragraphs.)

Advertisements are usually aimed at informing us about a product or service. However, many advertisements use attractive items to influence the tender minds of children. This adversely affects their mindset not only by increasing unnecessary desires but also by diverting their attention from education and sports(46 words.)

Body Paragraph 1: (Reasons 1 and 2)

Advertisements on television and various social media flash new products that aim at making children commercial consumers. Consequently, many children demand new and costly branded dresses, jewelry, and smart-phones. This often leads to unnecessary demands and diverts their attention from productive activities such as sports. In several cases, children tend to focus more on the advertised products rather than on education. This compromises their career and prospects of a future success. For instance, a recent study by the Ministry of Culture and the Human Resource Department of India revealed that the cognitive ability of children these days has fallen by 20 percent as compared to the previous generation due to increase in consumerism. (113 words.)

Body Paragraph 2: (Advertisement – Controlled and Regulated.)

Advertisements aimed at targeting children must be regulated since children can not make informed and objective decisions. The Censor Board of India, for example, studies all television media, including advertisements, to judge their suitability for various audiences. It also studies advertisements to suit the requirements of children. Such regulation protects the rights of children from the onslaught of consumerism. (58 words.)

Conclusion: (Conclude the essay with FUTURE and IMPACT)

In conclusion, protecting children from commercial advertisements that create unnecessary demands not only helps children become more successful in the future but also prevents unnecessary expenses which makes them economically stable. (31 words.)

Total Words: 248 words.

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IELTS Writing Task 2 September 2017: Sports Lessons for Boys and Girls.

Sports Lessons IELTS PTE

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Many people believe sports lessons are important in the school timetable. Both boys and girls should take part in sports. Do you agree or disagree with the statement? Give your opinion and include relevant examples from your own experience.

IELTS: 40 minutes, 250 words at least.

PTE: 20 minutes, 200 to 300 words.

Answer:

Introduction: (Introduce the topic and state your opinion and MENTION the reasons supporting your opinion. EXPLAIN these reasons with examples in the body paragraph.)

Physical activities play an instrumental role in the overall development of a child. I strongly believe that all students, irrespective of gender, should participate in sports not only because it provides the much-needed break from classroom study and increases focus but also because it makes a child physically strong(50 words.)

Body Paragraph 1: (Reason 1 – break and focus)

Psychologists have proven that sports and physical activity tend to break the monotony of studies and rejuvenate kids for further education. An hour of sports during the middle of the day, for instance, increases a child’s ability on concentrate on studies by at least 50 percent. If students are devoid of such activities, though they invest more time in studying various subjects, they tend to grasp and score less than students who play sports intermittently. (75 words.)

Body Paragraph 2: (Reason 2 – physically strong)

Moreover, the purpose of a school education is not only to teach certain subjects to students but also to promote their overall development. Along with an informed and knowledgeable mind, students need a strong body so that they can carry -out daily tasks effectively and efficiently. An industry report has recently confirmed that physically strong employees are able to work for longer hours without any distraction of body pain. Consequently, various companies prefer hiring people who indulge in sports. To make today’s children better employees in the future, schools need to inculcate the habit of playing sports. (96 words.)

Conclusion: (Conclude the essay with FUTURE and IMPACT)

In conclusion, if we want a society with robust and responsible citizens who can make better decisions and contribute to economic development, schools will have to invest in sports infrastructure and motivate all students to participate in one physical activity or another. This will make our society stronger and sustainable. (50 words.)

Total Words = 271 words.

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IELTS/ PTE Essay: Parenting Training Course.

training IELTS PTE.jpg

Image Courtesy: Wikimedia Commons

Parents have a greater influence on their children’s future success than schools do. Governments should, therefore, provide ”parenting training courses” rather than ”teacher training courses”. Do you agree with this idea?

IELTS: 40 minutes, 250 words at least.

PTE: 20 minutes, 200 to 300 words.

Answer:

Introduction: (Introduce the topic while giving your opinion. MENTION the reasons supporting your opinion and EXPLAIN them in the body paragraphs.)

A child’s cognitive development depends on the social environment that includes both home and school. However, the child learns more from parents than from teachers. Governments should focus more on parenting training courses since home’s atmosphere lays the foundation of a child’s career while not losing focus on teacher-training courses because schools reinforce the home’s learnings(56 words.)

Body Paragraph 1: (Reason 1: foundation)

An infant receives life’s first lessons from his parents and gets influenced by the family atmosphere till adulthood. The parents’ behavior at home and outside along with their habits make an indelible mark on a child’s psyche and lay the foundation for entire life. For instance, studies have proved that children of alcoholic parents indulge in substance abuse during teenage and adulthood. Similarly, kids of parents who read books tend to read books. Consequently, governments must invest in parenting training courses so that the parents understand how to behave and act in front of a child. (96 words.)

Body Paragraph 2: (Reason 2: Schools’ reinforce)

However, governments can’t neglect teacher training programs since children learn a lot at schools. While the foundation of a child’s future success is built at home, school reinforces the learning with proper education and socialization. Undoubtedly, teachers, as well as the peer group, influences a child’s cognitive development through education as well as personal interaction. A recent British study of prosperous people has revealed that most of them had parents who were educated as well as successful and schools which were reputed and whose teachers were qualified. (87 words.)

Conclusion: (Conclude the essay with FUTURE and/or IMPACT.)

In conclusion, if governments pursue both teacher training and parental training seriously, the future generation will not only develop a strong foundation but also gain meaningful skills. This will make a country economically stable and socially sustainable. (37 words.)

Total Words = 276.

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IELTS Writing Task 2 (September 2017): Friends Through Social Media.

friends social media IELTS PTE.jpg

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Many people make friends through social sites and chat rooms. Others believe that it is not a good idea to make friends without meeting them face to face. Do you agree or disagree with this statement? Give your own opinion and relevant examples.

IELTS: 40 minutes, 250 words at least.

PTE: 20 minutes, 200 to 300 words.

Answer:

Instead of writing an answer, let me present a structure and help you write better.

Introduction: The question statement presents two views. Since you’re supposed to write 40 to 50 words in the introduction (2 sentences), I’ll suggest writing an introductory sentence on friendship and/ or social media and the second sentence on your opinion (agree or disagree). Do not forget to mention the reasons supporting your opinion. Explain these in the body paragraphs.

Sample introduction:

“With the advancement of technologies such as smartphones and the Internet, people spend a lot of time on social media. Though some people believe in making friends only after a personal interaction, I strongly support the idea of making friends online since it is not only more convenient but also helps develop friendships with people from diverse backgrounds.” (58 words.)

Body Paragraph 2: Use this paragraph to EXPLAIN the reason 1 (Convenient) and try writing an example. Please write about 70 to 90 words – 4 to 5 sentences.

Body Paragraph 3: Use this paragraph to EXPLAIN the reason 2 (people from diverse backgrounds) along with an example. Please write about 70 to 90 words – 4 to 5 sentences.

Conclusion: Finally, it is time to write a powerful and scoring conclusion. Please make sure that the conclusion is not the same as an introduction. While the introduction is meant to convey the ideas that will be discussed in the body paragraphs, the conclusion is used to express ideas for the FUTURE. Conclusion, thus, goes beyond the essay topic. Please write a conclusion in about 40 to 50 words – 2 sentences.

Sample Conclusion:

“In conclusion, making friends on social media is an excellent way to network and gain insights about various cultures and countries. It is a convenient way to resolve international and inter-cultural conflicts, and create a sustainable society.” (37 words.)

Please go through a student’s answer as well.

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IELTS Essay Task 2 August 2017: People Watch Similar Films, Advertisements, Music And Fashion.

Fashion IELTS PTE.jpg

Image Courtesy: Wikimedia Commons – Carolina Herrera

Nowadays people from different countries watch and enjoy similar films, advertisements, music, and fashion. Do you agree or disagree? What are advantages and disadvantages of this development?

40 minutes, 250 words at least.

Answer:

Introduction: (Introduce the topic and state your opinion. MENTION advantages and disadvantages. EXPLAIN them in the Body Paragraphs.)

The advent of globalization has led to the proliferation of the western media in various parts of the world. I strongly believe that people today tend to watch west inspired movies, advertisements, music, and fashion. While this has led to the downfall of local culture and over influence of one culture over others (Disadvantages), this had also infused the world with creativity and innovation (Advantages).

Body Paragraph 1: (Explain Advantages)

Clearly, the innovation and creativity in mainstream media have captured the attention of the people. The movies with special effects, latest fashion, and appealing music have dominated the mindset of the audience. For instance, Hollywood and Bollywood movies are often released throughout the world. Clearly, local culture, music, dance, and fashion are unable to compete with the modern, global media industry. Similarly, advertisements are no longer just a source of information. They have evolved into an attention-grabbing, entertainment industry. Consequently, people are hooked to similar advertisements that display high-quality, latest-fashion content.

Body Paragraph 2: (Explain Disadvantages)

Despite these advantages, watching similar movies, music, and fashion are leading to gradual but certain death of local cultures. People are no more interested in their own culture and traditions. One research has shown that every year at least 10 different human languages and cultures die because people no longer follow them. Consequently, the world is becoming more homogenous and less diverse. Moreover, this is causing dominance of one culture, mostly western, over other cultures. For instance, these days people wear only western clothes and have given up their traditional attire. In India, western dresses are often perceived as superior to local dresses such as a kurta-pajama in North India and a dhoti in South India.

Conclusion: (Conclude the essay with FUTURE and IMPACT)

Though people are watching similar movies, music, and fashion, local artists have started using creativity to attract people’s attention. Music bands such as the Indian Ocean and Pakistani singers such as Rahat Fateh Ali Khan are making concerted efforts to preserve the diversity of cultures. This is important not only to preserve human heritage but also to maintain solidarity within the society.

333 words.

Please go through a student’s response to this essay topic.

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IELTS Essay August 2017: Local History More Important Than World History.

history IELTS PTE

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Some people believe that for children learning about the local history is more important than knowing the World history. To what extent do you agree or disagree with this statement?

40 minutes, 250 words at least.

Answer:

A few days ago I checked a student’s answer to this topic. Please visit the blog post HERE.

Introduction: (Introduce the topic and state your opinion. MENTION the reasons supporting your opinion. EXPLAIN in the body paragraphs.)

Learning history is important because it helps us understand not only the present world but also avoid committing the mistakes of the past generations. I believe both local and world history are equally important. While local history enables children to learn about regional culture and politics, world history allows them to understand how global events shape their region

Body Paragraph 1: (Importance of Local History)

Local history is the history of one’s own ancestors living in the same geographical area. It helps children connect with the past and learn about the innumerable sacrifices the past generations made to create a vibrant present. For instance, Punjab’s history teaches Sikh children how their gurus made sacrifices to protect the residents from religious persecution of the Mughal government. Similarly, the local history of Mohanjodaro and Harappa civilizations teaches students how the forces of nature, if disturbed, can destroy human civilizations. It also teaches them about regional geography, culture, and religious identities.

Body Paragraph 2: (Importance of World History)

The world history complements the local history in helping a student understand the world.  Undoubtedly, the present world is a product of the past, and future generations should avoid the mistakes of the past generations to create a sustainable ecosystem. For instance, understanding the reasons behind world wars and genocides helps students appreciate the need for an inclusive and consensus based approach to solving problems. Moreover, understanding past global events in other countries helps students understand the present problems in their locality. For example, the Great Depression of the 1930s and global financial crisis of 2008 had similar causes. Understanding these two financial events, separated by more than seven decades, will help students prevent future financial catastrophes.

Conclusion: (Conclude the essay with FUTURE and IMPACT)

In conclusion, both global history and local history are important in shaping students’ understanding of the modern world. They are equally necessary for understanding the society and politics of a region along with preventing any future calamity.

305 words.

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IELTS Writing Task 2 August 2017: Crime Has Increased All Over The World.

crime IELTS PTE.jpg

Image Courtesy: Max Pixel.

Reports are showing that crime has increased all over the world and many people believe that nothing can be done to prevent it, while others disagree. What is your opinion? Give reasons for your answer and include relevant examples from your own experience.

40 minutes, 250 words at least.

IELTS and PTE examiners have asked questions on crime several times in the past. Here are some similar questions on this website.

  1. Criminals commit crimes once their sentence is over.
  2. Involvement of youth in crime.
  3. Criminals should do unpaid work for the community.

Answer:

Introduction: (Introduce the topic, state your opinion and MENTION reasons supporting your opinion.)

The crime rate has increased tremendously since the dawn of the twentieth century. While some people believe that it cannot be controlled, I think the active participation of individuals, close cooperation of various organs of the state coupled with extensive use of technology can curtail the crime rates.

Body Paragraph 1: (Reason 1 supporting opinion)

Active participation of every adult citizen in preventing crimes in his locality will go a long way in maintaining security. Keeping this in mind, several regional governments have introduced the concept of citizen watch. The people are made eyes and ears of the law enforcement agencies and are motivated to inform the agencies as soon as they witness anything suspicious.

Body Paragraph 2: (Reason 2 supporting opinion)

Moreover, close cooperation of government departments such as intelligence, police, and vigilance can prevent many crimes from occurring. Criminals often resort to breaking the law in one state and crossing over to another state to benefit from lack of cooperation between the law enforcement agencies of the two states. Catching such criminals requires not only cooperation between two state police departments but also a national investigating agency that has jurisdiction over the whole country.

Body Paragraph 3: (Reason 3 supporting opinion)

Finally, extensive use of technology can help curtail crime rates. Since many criminals are active on social media websites such as Facebook, the investigating agencies scour through millions of social media posts to catch people who may try to commit crimes in the near future. This has been adopted as a credible and reliable strategy in the global war against terrorism. 

Conclusion: (Conclude the essay with FUTURE and IMPACT)

Increasing crime rates – both small crimes such as a theft and heinous ones such as a terrorist strike – is a threat to modern social order. Adopting right strategy and tactics will help governments reduce crime rates and make society more peaceful and secure.

286 words.

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IELTS Essay August 2017: Criminals Should do Unpaid Work for Community.

criminals IELTS PTE.png

Image Courtesy: Pixabay.

Some people say that not all criminals should be sent to prison. Instead, they should do unpaid work to help people in the community. Do you agree or disagree with this statement? Give your opinion and relevant examples.

40 minutes, 250 words at least.

Answer:

Please go through these essays on crime as well:

  1. Criminals commit crime once their sentence is over. Why?
  2. Involvement of youth in crime.

Introduction(Introduce the topic and state your opinion. MENTION the reasons supporting your opinion.)

In order to create a sustainable and safe society, the institutions should be reform oriented. Though criminals who have committed heinous crimes such as a murder should be put behind bars, I think petty offenders should be reformed through community work. Engaging them in the local community will not only build a bond with the people but also help them become productive and contribute to overall development.

Body Paragraph 1: (Reason 1 – bond with the people)

Normal people often commit crimes because they do not empathize with others. To promote social empathy among these individuals, the unpaid work for the community is essential. Merely incarcerating them is not a solution to any problem. The United States government, for instance, punishes crimes like drunk driving, theft, and white collar crimes with community work because it helps the offenders to empathize with poor or disabled people and realize the selfishness of their actions. This promotes peace and harmony in the society.

Body Paragraph 2: (Reason 2 – productive and contribute)

Moreover, selflessly working for the community helps to make criminals a productive member of the society. For instance, in open jails of India, criminals are often motivated to engage in a commercial project that benefits the society. Since many people commit crimes because they cannot find jobs, commercial engagement trains them for a paid job. This also helps them contribute to the ecosystem of business and community development. Seeing the benefit of their work, criminals are reformed and find a productive path in life.

Conclusion: (Conclude the essay with FUTURE and IMPACT)

In conclusion, imprisoning criminals is not a solution to the problem of increasing crime rates in our society. The criminals need to be engaged in a manner that teaches them the benefits of hard-work and reforms them for economically and socially productive lives.

277 words.

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IELTS Essay August 2017: Travel Necessary to Learn About Other Nations.

travel ielts pte

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Some people think that travel is necessary to learn about other nations. Others, however, think that TV and the Internet are the best ways to learn about other countries. Discuss both views and give your opinion.

40 minutes, 250 words at least.

Answer:

Please go through a similar essay for the PTE Exam.

Introduction: (Introduce the topic and MENTION reasons supporting both opinions. EXPLAIN these reasons in the body paragraphs.)

In a globalized world, we cannot survive without learning about other countries, and about international political and economic developments. Watching the television and surfing the Internet help us learn about global developments from experienced reporters and field experts. However, travel is a better way to learn since it offers a first-hand experience and helps in networking.

Body Paragraph 1: (Reasons supporting television and the Internet)

Global news networks such as the B.B.C and Al Jazeera along with newspapers and magazines such as the Economist and the New York Times have a team of professional journalists who offer deeply researched insights on different countries. Reading detailed reports from these networks on the Internet gives an individual an idea of events, ranging from business to politics, in various countries. Moreover, these sources broadcast any new information or news as soon as it is generated. Hence, it keeps us informed with the latest content.

Body Paragraph 2: (Reasons supporting travel)

However, the Internet and television fail to provide the first-hand experience that helps in a person’s learning and growth. Travel, on the other hand, enables an individual to absorb various global events using all sensory perceptions. A person not only sees the prevailing conditions with his own eyes but also listens to the first-hand accounts of the people. Thus, travel helps build a personal as well as professional network that television and the Internet cannot. Furthermore, without traveling in a country, a person cannot understand the local culture and traditions which are vital in the modern business environment, For instance, famous international investors such as Jim Rogers prefer visiting various countries such as India, China, and Russia before making investment decisions.

Conclusion(Conclude the essay with elements of FUTURE and IMPACT)

In conclusion, while travel offers a better learning experience, it is painfully slow. On the other hand, television and the Internet offer immediate information without the benefit of depth of learning. To learn about other countries, a person should prefer an optimum mixture of both channels.

309 words.

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PTE Essay (IELTS task 2): Researching Family’s History.

Family History IELTS PTE.jpg

Image Courtesy: Wikimedia Commons

In some parts of the world, it is becoming popular to research the history of one’s own family. Why do people want to do this? Is it a positive or negative development?

IELTS: 40 minutes, 250 words at least.

PTE: 20 minutes, 200 to 300 words.

Answer:

For a change, I will not write an answer but give a suitable structure along with an explanation. Firstly, IELTS is an English language test. Do not make your essay technically strong. You will be awarded bands for better expression rather than technicalities.

Firstly introduce the topic with a 40 to 50 words introduction. Do not forget to mention the reasons why people search their history. Give two reasons that you’ll explain in the body paragraphs. Let me give a sample introduction:

“History of a family is a record of the family tree extending back to several generations. People in various countries prefer researching their family background since it helps in preventing many genetic diseases and scientifically denounces the idea of racism.”

The body paragraphs should explain the above-mentioned points in greater detail.

Body Paragraph 1: Genetic diseases + example. (About 50 words)

Body Paragraph 2: Idea of racism (Similarity among all humans) + example. (About 50 words)

Body Paragraph 3: Advantages and disadvantages. (70 words)

Conclusion, as I have mentioned in several previous essays, should contain the elements of FUTURE + IMPACT. Try to keep it as positive/ optimistic as possible. For instance:

“In conclusion, developing a family tree depicting the history of a person’s family promotes the feeling of unity among people and prevents many diseases. This helps in making a community socially more stable and sustainable while promoting the ideals of unity in diversity.”

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IELTS Task 2, PTE Essay: Computers Replacing People

computer IELTS PTE

Image Courtesy: PublicDomainPictures

As the world becomes technologically advanced, computers are replacing people at more and more jobs. What are some job positions that may be lost because of computers? What are some problems that may result from this situation? Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

40 minutes, 250 words at least

Answer:

Three students’ essays (with corrections) on this topic: Answer 1; Answer 2; Answer 3.

Introduction: (Introduce the topic. MENTION jobs lost and resulting problems. EXPLAIN in the body paragraphs.)

Technological advancements change the way people work and this leads to the decline of existing jobs and emergence of new jobs. The advent of computers has led to the elimination of several jobs ranging from bank clerks and cashiers to assembly-line workers.   Workers often face the problem in learning new skills, and this leads to unequal distribution of wealth.

Body Paragraph 1: (EXPLAIN the jobs lost)

Automation of activities is beneficial in increasing productivity. However, this is done at the expense of existing workforce. Assembly-line automation using computers in automobile manufacturing, for instance, has eliminated millions of assembly-line workers’ jobs across the world. Similarly, the computers are eliminating the need for teachers to check exams. Computer-based smart classes and artificial intelligence based learning systems have already left many school and university teachers jobless.

Body Paragraph 2: (EXPLAIN the problems)

Clearly, this is causing several problems. The existing workers are trained for their jobs and when computers eliminate the need for these jobs, the workers go jobless and the survival of entire families is at stake. Moreover, the use of computers leads to concentration of wealth in the hands of a few. While workers are left jobless and have little money to support their families, computers increase productivity and profits of large corporate houses. This makes a society economically and socially unstable. 

Conclusion: (Conclude the essay with FUTURE and IMPACT)

In conclusion, if computer-based automation is widely implemented it will lead to more elimination of jobs causing social and economic disintegration, and class conflicts. While the march of civilization in the form of improvements cannot be stopped, the government must regulate the process to ensure that more jobs are created than destroyed during this process.

263 words.

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IELTS August 2017 Task 2: Money Can Bring Happiness.

economic development IELTS PTE

Image Courtesy: Flickr

People think that money can bring happiness. However, having more than enough money leads to problems. Do you agree or disagree?

IELTS: 40 minutes, 250 words.

PTE: 20 minutes, 200 to 300 words.

Money seems to be a favorite of IELTS examiners. Here are a few money related topics from this website. Please go through these essays as well.

  1. Money more important than free time.
  2. Financial Support to creative artists.
  3. Material possessions vs traditional values.
  4. Additional economic wealth increases happiness.
  5. Spend money to enjoy life or save it for future.

Answer:

Introduction: (A line on the importance of money. You opinion. MENTION the reasons supporting your opinion. EXPLAIN those reasons in the body paragraphs.)

Money is the medium that allows the exchange of goods, and it is important to sustain a livelihood. Though money can bring happiness, I believe beyond a certain threshold money has more disadvantages than advantages. Not only does the concentration of wealth in a few hands leads to extreme social inequality but also, it makes a person greedy, less satisfied and more conceited.

Body Paragraph 1: (EXPLAIN reason 1 supporting your opinion.)

More money in a few hands leads to extreme economic inequality in a society that often contains seeds of discontent and instability. The insane richness of a few and deep poverty of a majority has led to riots and toppled governments in several countries. For instance, the Arab Spring, which was born in Egypt and engulfed a number of North African countries such as Libya, was a result of the concentration of wealth in the hands of the political masters.

Body Paragraph 2: (EXPLAIN reason 2 supporting your opinion)

Beyond social disruptions, excess money also leads to personal deterioration. The law of diminishing returns states that the satisfaction derived from an additional unit of something decreases as the total quantity of that thing increases. The satisfaction derived from money also decreases as the wealth increases. Moreover, extra money also makes a person more conceited and greedy which ultimately harms that person. Various social experiments have proven that children of parents with surplus money have a lower level of empathy and are unable to fit into the society.

Conclusion: (Conclude the essay with FUTURE and IMPACT)

In conclusion, making a society sustainable and healthy requires equitable distribution of wealth such that that money brings happiness to everyone while avoiding the problems associated with excess money.

261 words.

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IELTS August 2017 Task 2: Declining Number of Plants and Animals.

plants and animals ielts pte

Image Courtesy: Wikimedia Commons

In many countries, the number of animals and plants are declining. Why do you think is it happening? How to solve this issue?

40 minutes, 250 words at least.

Answer:

Please go through a student’s essay correction as well.

Introduction: (Introduce the topic + MENTION the reasons why this is happening. EXPLAIN these reasons in the body paragraphs. Reserve SOLUTIONS for the penultimate paragraph.)

The declining population of many plants and animal species has raised global concerns during the past several years. Several scientific studies have proven that anthropogenic factors such as deforestation, pollution, and global warming are primary factors behind the rapidly falling population of these species.

Body Paragraph 1: (Explain reason 1: Deforestation)

Since the dawn of the twentieth century, humans have exploited natural resources for economic progress. Huge swathes of trees have been cleared to construct cities, collect raw material for various industries, and build factories and dams. Such large scale residential and commercial projects have not only led to the elimination of several animal and plant species but also a reduction in the population of many others such as the Tiger and Rhinoceros.

Body Paragraph 2: (Explain reason 2 and 3: Pollution and Global Warming)

Moreover, air, water, and land pollution caused by human activities have led to a reduction in the number of house sparrows that were a common sight a few years ago. Also, global warming has led to an increase in the Earth’s temperature at a few places and fall at other places. Consequently, animals such as the polar bear and snow leopard are endangered species on the verge of extinction.

Body Paragraph 3: (Solutions)

Protecting and preserving animal and plant species requires close coordination of individuals, institutions, private companies, and governments. While government policy and programs for reducing deforestation, promoting afforestation, and regulating vehicular pollution are important, companies also need to act environmentally responsible by following green practices. Individuals also should abandon any activity that has a high carbon footprint.

Conclusion: (Conclude the essay with FUTURE + IMPACT)

In conclusion, if animal and plant species are not preserved, it will lead to ecological imbalance and make earth unsustainable. Acting responsibly, we all need to unite and protect animals and plant species for our future generation.

278 words.

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IELTS Essay Task 2: English More Important Than Local Languages.

English Language IELTS PTE

Learning English at school is often seen more important than learning local languages. If these are not taught many are at risk of dying out. In your opinion is it important to learn English? Should we try to ensure the survival of local languages, if so how?

40 Minutes, 250 words.

Answer:

Introduction(Introduce the topic and state your OPINION. MENTION the reasons supporting your opinion. EXPLAIN these in the body paragraph)

The English language has dominated the global business and intercultural interaction for more than two centuries, and it threatens to eliminate several local languages. I strongly believe that while students need to learn English, the survival of regional languages is equally important. Vernacular languages help people maintain their separate identity while respecting the history which shaped their present circumstances.

Body Paragraph 1: (Importance of English)

The English language has acted as a catalyst in promoting globalization. For inter-country trade, many countries need a shared language of interaction, and English has created a common platform for everyone. In the absence of this language, global business would have been negligible as compared to what it is today. Moreover, this language has integrated several regions into a country by promoting intercultural exchange. For instance, in pre-independence India, this language promoted interaction among people with different mother tongues to unite against the Britsh rule. 

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Body Paragraph 2: (Local Languages)

However, local languages have their own unique place in a society. These languages help people maintain a separate identity. Language is the foundation of a culture and, in the absence of vernaculars, many cultures will disappear forever. People love songs, stories, books written in their own culture. In fact, many vernacular terms and words cannot be pronounced in the English language. 

Also, local languages create a strong link with the history of a region. For example, Sikhs in India has close ties with the Punjabi language and Jews in Israel use Hebrew. Religious texts of the Sikhs and the Jews are in Punjabi and Hebrew respectively. In absence of a local language, these religions will lose their history and separate identity since future generations will be unable to read Guru Granth and Torah.

Conclusion: (Conclude the essay with HOW)

In conclusion, though English is necessary for global business and interaction, local languages cannot be neglected. Individuals, as well as governments, need to make concerted efforts to ensure their survival by teaching them compulsorily in the schools, making them state or regional languages, conducting local business in a local language, and promoting their use in all religious institutions.

335 words.

Please go through other students’ essays (with corrections) on the same topic:

Student Essay 1

Student Essay 2

Student essay 3

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IELTS Essay: University Education vs Experience.

jobs ielts pte.jpg

picture courtesy: Pixabay

Completing university education is thought by some to be the best way to get a good job. On the other hand, other people think that getting experience and getting soft skills is more important. Discuss both sides and give your opinion.

IELTS: 40 minutes, 250 words at least

Answer:

Completing higher education is considered a vital step in one’s professional progression. However, practical skills and experience in a field are crucial for professional grooming and economic independence. In my opinion, some practical skills must be attained by students during their educational journey but they must complete university education in order to ensure economic stability and they shouldn’t be relying wholly upon soft skills. These additional skills must be seen as a top up in their career building.

Undoubtedly, university education promises chances of getting a white collar job. Successful university graduates subsequently enjoy a prosperous and secure future with fewer risks of economic downfall and job instability. Moreover, the first prerequisite for any employment position is most frequently a degree in a professional sphere. The relevant experience follows. So, completion of education is a must for securing a good job.

On the contrary, practical skills and experience are equally important. There are many successful entrepreneurs and renowned businessmen who have had a very tough professional path and they are not highly qualified, yet they are doing well with their businesses. However, we must not forget that entrepreneurship is not a bed of roses and they might have kept their everything at stake while struggling to reach this level. There must be years of countless efforts, struggles, hardships, rejections, and failures.

To be at safe side, it is highly advisable to complete university education before starting a business venture in order ensure the business’s success. Apart from that, some students opt for part time skill development and jobs to enhance their professional capability while studying. In my view, this is really a thoughtful and practical approach towards career building.

To conclude, one must complete education to have wider prospects of a better employment, but simultaneously, one must be looking for opportunities to attain additional experience and soft skills to be self-sufficient and to build a better job profile.

317 words.

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